Take the 2-minute tour ×
English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. It's 100% free, no registration required.

What is the origin of the use of the object (it) in the following sentences, and what is its purpose?

I like it here!

and

Did you like it there?

In essence, the things we are saying we like are really here (this place) and there (that place) themselves - whence the insertion of the antecedent-free pronoun?

Note: I can think of plenty of antecedents you could replace the "it" with, so that's not the answer I'm looking for.

share|improve this question
2  
    
Thanks, @RegDwight Ѭſ道. I tried searching for this question in the database, but you have no idea how common a word "it" is. ^_^ –  onomatomaniak Sep 27 '11 at 11:25

2 Answers 2

up vote 10 down vote accepted

It's called a dummy it, and according to Wikipedia it's used "when a particular verb argument (or preposition) is nonexistent (it could also be unknown, irrelevant, already understood, or otherwise not to be spoken of directly), but when a reference to the argument (a pronoun) is nevertheless syntactically required."

share|improve this answer

It’s known as ‘dummy it’. It has no antecedent and is meaningless, being used merely to provide an object where otherwise there would be none. It is also found in subject position (‘It’s raining’).

share|improve this answer

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.