St. Thomas Aquinas' Summa Theologica has a very distinctive and consistent style. It seems as though his style of writing starts with a proposition and then lists some objections, then a reply, then a refutation of the objections and finally a conclusion. What is it called?
I think the word you are looking for is quodlibet or quodlibetal. This comes from Latin words meaning "whatever you want".
The Wikipedia entry for Scholasticism explains
The term is now used in music; OED has the meaning as "A musical composition combining several different melodies (usually popular tunes) in counterpoint, often in a light-hearted manner." It says there that the academic "quodlibet" originated at the University of Paris in the 1230s; Aquinas lived from 1225 to 1274.
The following is from a note on Wikipedia:
protected by RegDwigнt♦ Mar 13 '12 at 9:44
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