Particularly in British English, a common saying in response to someone's complaining about something is, "hard cheese". This basically means, "tough luck". How did this expression come about; what is unlucky about hard cheese?
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"Hard cheese" is like when someone says "That's not good." "hard cheese" has the meaning of something unpleasant that has happened to you, hence the bad luck, because in order for bad things to happen to you, you would need bad luck (or so the reasoning goes).
Phrase Finder gives its origin:
Hope that helps.
I don't know if the following naval battle has a relation with the origin of the "hard cheese" expression. Anyway, I like the story.
Another potential origin may also be related to navy (speculation without any evidence): "Hard cheese" was a usual part of the sailors food in the 18th century. Considering the sailors quality of life at that time, eating "hard cheese" wasn't a chance.
Words of consolation or derision to another's bad luck. "You were completely off target. Hard Cheese, old fellow."