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What is the adjective form of "turmoil"?

Might it be "turbulent"? I have a feeling that that isn't it, though.

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up vote 12 down vote accepted

As simchona said, there is no adjective derived from turmoil, nor any adjective with a related etymology. So in the strict sense, there is no adjective form of the word turmoil.

For a word with the appropriate meaning, I would suggest tumultuous:

(adj) disruptive, riotous, troubled, tumultuous, turbulent (characterized by unrest or disorder or insubordination) "effects of the struggle will be violent and disruptive"; "riotous times"; "these troubled areas"; "the tumultuous years of his administration"; "a turbulent and unruly childhood"


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Having checked the Oxford English Dictionary for turmoil, it turns out that it is derived from the Old French tremouille or mill-hopper. However, while there are both noun and verb forms of turmoil, there is no adjective which shares that etymology. So, I suggest turbid:

  1. not clear or transparent because of stirred-up sediment or the like; clouded; opaque; obscured: the turbid waters near the waterfall.

  2. thick or dense, as smoke or clouds.

  3. confused; muddled; disturbed.

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makes sense now! – Thursagen Sep 12 '11 at 21:21

tumultuous can be considered the adjective form of both turmoil and tumult.

another alternative would be turbid which literally means "in turmoil or confusion"

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