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Why do we say my goodness? It doesn't sound appropriate for the contexts in which it is used. Both the my and the goodness don’t seem to bear on a surprising or startling situation. When was it started, and why?

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What epithet does bear on a surprising situation? That is kind of the point of them. – Oldcat Mar 19 '14 at 23:02
up vote 5 down vote accepted

The Phrase Doctor writes that my goodness is a minced oath:

My goodness --> My God

My gosh --> My God

So the phrase was used instead of swearing, with goodness being a euphemism. The Oxford English Dictionary adds that goodness! has an established meaning in this vein, writing:

In various exclamatory phrases, in which the original reference was to the goodness of God (cf. sense 2a above), as goodness gracious!, goodness (only) knows! , †for goodness!, for goodness' sake!, in the name of goodness!, (I wish) to goodness! , surely to goodness!, thank goodness!, etc., or simply goodness!

The first written usage is by Shakespeare, who wrote:

1623 Shakespeare & J. Fletcher Henry VIII Prol. 23 Therefore, for Goodnesse sake, and as you are knowne The First and Happiest Hearers of the Towne, Be sad, as we would make ye.

There isn't a notation about the first written use of my goodness, but it definitely uses the sense of goodness which has been around since the 1600s.

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It's not exactly on a daily basis, but I have been known to exclaim "Landsakes and lawksamussy!" as being slightly more socially acceptable than "Fuck me sideways with a seven-foot bargepole!". To be honest, I feel that in the UK today, "Lord have mercy!" would probablly raise more eyebrows than either of those two. – FumbleFingers Sep 5 '11 at 23:36

It's a socially acceptable way of saying Oh my god! without offence. It's not just a pun, but also a subtle counter to those who say Oh my god by switching the offensive part to something completely opposite: cursing God (bad) -> goodness

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Goodness is an euphemism for God.

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protected by tchrist Jul 2 '14 at 2:29

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