What are the rules about abbreviating names that start with a vowel? Would abbreviating "Alanis Morissette" to "A. Morissette" be correct or should it be "Al. Morissette"?
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When abbreviating all kinds of names, the first letter is taken:
In normal English usage, abbreviations of names are based only on the first letter as spelled. This is true for first, middle, and last names:
and regardless of pronunciation:
Therefore, you would abbreviate your example as
There are 2 exceptions I can think of.
This only applies to transliterations from foreign languages. So, for example, in text written originally in English, Russian-American Sergei Khrushchev's name would be abbreviated "K.", not "Kh.".
It's uncommon in the U.S. to use anything more than the first initial – consonant or vowel. However, one rare but interesting exception is when two players on the same athletic team share the same last name, and the same first initial. In such circumstances, sometimes the second letter is used to differentiate between, say, Michael and Martellus.