I have come to this site because I just now used a "be" verb with "become", and I wondered how my usage fits with theory and practice as currently understood.
My sentence (put in an electronic letter/note):
(1) No wonder my missives are become so long.
As Kosmonaut prescribes, my usage is quasi-poetic (evidenced by my use of the archaic "missive" to describe my notes). But there may be more going on here than that:
As Heckschei observes, "become" is not necessarily a transitive verb. It is transitive in (2), intransitive in (3):
(2) I wondered how it would feel to be my brother for a day, so yesterday I put on his clothes and went to his job, and in effect I became him.
(3) The window opened, and I became cold.
That (2) is a transitive usage is attested by the objective case of the pronoun; we cannot say (2'):
(2') *I wondered how it would feel to be my brother for a day, so yesterday I put on his clothes and went to his job, and in effect I became he.
But there is clearly no object of "became" in (3), and so that must be an intransitive use.
So we ought to include "become" in the list of intransitive verbs indicating a transition of state that are (or at least might be) eligible for "be" usage in the perfective. But I'm not able just now to come up with any convincing instance of such a usage, i.e., one that doesn't feel archaic. The closest I can come is this:
(4) ?It is become common to use "have" with nearly all verbs in the perfective.
But I'm not convinced (4) is any less archaic-sounding than (1), and it is without the use of "missive" to justify a quasi-poetic usage.
So if "become" is now purely in the archaic/poetic usage for "be" in the perfective, why? There is no more proto-typical change-of-state intransitive verb than "become"; why should that not fit at the head of the class along with "go", "come", "grow", and so on?
Indeed, "come" usage with "be" is rather archaic; the only usage I can think of is Tolkien's:
(5) Ai! A Balrog is come!
That sounds right to my ear, but only because it's right for the elf Legolas to be speaking in archaic mode. It seems odd to me that "go" retains the "be" usage but "come" does not. Does anyone have a counterexample for "come"? If not, maybe there is a link here between "come" and "become". (And maybe "become" originally started precisely as "be" + "come"?)