Take the 2-minute tour ×
English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Citizen: 1. A legally recognized subject ornational of a state or commonwealth, either native or naturalized. 2. An inhabitant of a particular town or city.

Denizen: 1. An inhabitant or occupant of a particular place.

Same thing?

share|improve this question

4 Answers 4

up vote 14 down vote accepted

I would say the answer depends on how technical we're being.

A citizen of the United States is a legal resident who has been processed by the government as being a member of the United States.

A denizen of the United States is simply someone that lives there.

Technically speaking, one could never be, for example, a citizen of the Earth -- but we're all denizens of the Earth.

share|improve this answer

I can think of three types of use where denizen works, and citizen doesn't.

  • For a much smaller area, especially one not defined by government: "Truman Capote was a long-time denizen of Manhattan's social scene."
  • For animals: "Rodents Of Unusual Size, like other Fire Swamp denizens, are rarely seen by humans."
  • With a derogatory connotation: "Dick Armey, like other K Street denizens, likes few things more than tax cuts for billionaires."
share|improve this answer

"Citizen" means a person who is not just present in a city or other conurbation, but at least potential part of its social body.

"Denizen" is a much more general word which is not limited to humans, and not limited to civilised or organised places. It often has a connotation of wildness.

share|improve this answer

"Denizen" is preferable to a sentient nonpartisan observer in self-description. The legal term "citizen" makes the claimant liable for the actions of corporate Person/actors.

share|improve this answer
What have "corporate persons" got to do with a simple choice between two words? –  Nate Eldredge Jul 8 at 16:43

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.