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Citizen: 1. A legally recognized subject ornational of a state or commonwealth, either native or naturalized. 2. An inhabitant of a particular town or city.

Denizen: 1. An inhabitant or occupant of a particular place.

Same thing?

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5 Answers 5

up vote 14 down vote accepted

I would say the answer depends on how technical we're being.

A citizen of the United States is a legal resident who has been processed by the government as being a member of the United States.

A denizen of the United States is simply someone that lives there.

Technically speaking, one could never be, for example, a citizen of the Earth -- but we're all denizens of the Earth.

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I can think of three types of use where denizen works, and citizen doesn't.

  • For a much smaller area, especially one not defined by government: "Truman Capote was a long-time denizen of Manhattan's social scene."
  • For animals: "Rodents Of Unusual Size, like other Fire Swamp denizens, are rarely seen by humans."
  • With a derogatory connotation: "Dick Armey, like other K Street denizens, likes few things more than tax cuts for billionaires."
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"Citizen" means a person who is not just present in a city or other conurbation, but at least potential part of its social body.

"Denizen" is a much more general word which is not limited to humans, and not limited to civilised or organised places. It often has a connotation of wildness.

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"Denizen" is preferable to a sentient nonpartisan observer in self-description. The legal term "citizen" makes the claimant liable for the actions of corporate Person/actors.

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What have "corporate persons" got to do with a simple choice between two words? –  Nate Eldredge Jul 8 at 16:43

I STRONGLY disagree with this current "top answer":

'A citizen of the United States is a legal resident who has been processed by the government as being a member of the United States.'

This is revisionist history and a disgrace to the very concept of citizenship.

A denizen is simply one who resides in a location (we agree here).

A subject is one who has been declared a member of a nation by a Ruler or State.

A citizen is one who has declared himself a member of a nation.

The moment we think otherwise we devolve into subjugation.

Citizenship arises from the individual alone.

A state cannot grant or deny citizenship. Only an individual can do this.

This change from top down membership in a community to bottom up membership in a community is the true meaning of:

e pluribus unum

and

novus ordo seclorum

1776 the very concept of being "subject" to a king through subordinate allegiance or conquest was OVERTURNED, In The Spirit of The Revolution, by the republican concept of consenting to being a "citizen".

I cite Ramsay Dissertation of 1789

http://www.scribd.com/doc/36590701/Ramsay-1789-Dissertation-on-Citizenship

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A person cannot simply declare themselves to be a citizen of a state, just because they are currently residing there. –  Simon B 7 hours ago

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