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I'm prompted by a question on the origin of the word English. Being English myself, I pretty much know that one.

But "Latin"? Why call it that?

As soon as this question crossed my mind, I realised it wouldn't exactly be an easy thing to Google, so I'm not even going to try. Surely someone here knows.

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Etymonline's entry on "latin" also includes reference to this instructive clip. –  Callithumpian Jul 7 '11 at 20:24
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Am intrigued to see someone voted to close querying the origin of the word "Latin". But not, apparently, the same for "English" on an earlier question! –  FumbleFingers Jul 7 '11 at 20:57
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First hit on google for "latin etymology": etymonline.com/index.php?term=Latin –  Hellion Jul 7 '11 at 21:25
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@Hellion: Okay, I concede! I didn't bother because I expected the first 100 pages to be Latin origins for other words. Anyway, several people have voted for the answer, so I'm not going to delete the question. Apologies to anyone who thinks I've wasted time asking something I could have found out myself had I but had faith. –  FumbleFingers Jul 7 '11 at 21:46

4 Answers 4

up vote 23 down vote accepted

Latin comes from the latin word Latinus which means "*of Latium".

Latium is the ancient name of Lazio, one of the several regions Italy is divided into, and where Rome, the capital, is situated.

EDIT: I uploaded another image that explains better the region and the position of Rome, the arrows and the names are mine. The other regions are indicated and the dots are the "capitals" (I don't know how it's in English) for each region.

Map of modern Italy, indicating Roma and it surrounding region, Lazio

This is what the Dictionary says about "Latium", just to be complete: "An ancient region in west central Italy, west of the Apennines and south of the Tiber River. Settled during the early part of the 1st millennium bc by a branch of the Indo-European people known as the Latini, it was dominated by Rome by the end of the 4th century bc."

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+1 You've got to ask the Italian for Italian mate! :) –  Thursagen Jul 7 '11 at 20:20
    
Ahah, I suppose so :D –  Alenanno Jul 7 '11 at 20:22
    
Native speakers as I recall called their language "lingua latinae". Somebody who remembers more Latin than me could perhaps tell us whether strictly this means "language of Latium" or "language of the Latini". –  Neil Coffey Jul 7 '11 at 20:26
    
As with ancient Greek, there seems to be uncertainty as to whether or how much these languages were indigenous to their earliest established locale, and how much they were influenced/brought in by foreign invaders, etc. –  FumbleFingers Jul 7 '11 at 20:53
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@Neil Coffey: Your Latin is a bit rusty, but maybe just a bit. Lingua latina is the correct phase and it means the Latin tongue or the Latin language. Latinus/a/um is the adjectival form of Latium. –  Ryan Jul 7 '11 at 22:07

Mount Latium, after which the region got its name, was named after godess Lati/Lat. The transcript "DEA LATI, LVCIUS URSEI" found on many temples, meaning "to goddess Lat I dedicate this“, referred to her. She was considered a Mother Goddess.

The Celts also worshipped her, the phrase "DIE LATI" meaning "to Lat" would be found on manu Celtic-built structures on the British Isles dedicated to her.

But the most well known people honored her were the Arabs who gave her the name Al-Lat, simply the feminine form in Arabic for "Allah" considerring her God's/Allah's wife, and being the mother Goddess the Mother of Baal/Pal/Apollo/Veles.

From the etymology it appears that her name comes from Arabic, worshipped later by other peoples, like many other Arabian Gods and Goddesses e.g. Assyra/Aphrodite, and Baal/Apollo and Naila and Isaf.

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That sounds like you made it up. Do you have any references? –  Mitch Nov 9 '12 at 0:02
    
What part do you suppose i made up? –  simsim Nov 11 '12 at 0:12
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I've never heard of anything like that before so I'm just curious and would like to know where to read up more about it. –  Mitch Nov 11 '12 at 3:49

The Latins were the people living around the city of Rome. They were "absorbed" politically by the better-organized dwellers of that city, who nevertheless adopted much of their language and culture, and made them among the earliest "citizens" of the new Empire.

Put another way, the Latins "merged" with the Romans, but their language (or much of it) survived the "merger."

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I have read that the word Latin is derived from latens, meaning 'hidden', & 'lut', meaning 'veil'. Source quoted as being a book by Pierre Sabak, a comparative linguist & symbologist.

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