Commonly used in the formula The life and times of ...
I found this use of the phrase in a collection of letters by Francis Bacon published posthumously in 1702 by historian Robert Stephens. The placement of the letter in the collection dates it around 1606.
So the phrase may be as old as the early 1600s, but didn't appear in print until a century later.
The earliest use that I can find was a biography of Cecil Rhodes (of Rhodesia and Rhodes Scholar fame), The Life and Times of the Right Honorable Cecil John Rhodes, 1910.
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