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Why is a gardener's thumb singled out for especial greenness?

Where did that idiom come from?

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In the UK, we say "he has green fingers". – Neil Coffey Jul 4 '11 at 15:02
@Neil Coffey: You're quite right, which is why I as another UK speaker thought there was something odd about OP's question in the first place. But as usual, I expect US usage will end up swamping the English-speaking world in the end. – FumbleFingers Jul 4 '11 at 15:26
@Fumble: Happy Independence Day ;) – Callithumpian Jul 4 '11 at 18:08
up vote 12 down vote accepted

As this NGram shows, thumb was once less common than fingers. For some reason people have never been particularly keen on thumbs or finger, but they get used too. As Neil Coffey commented, fingers remains more common in British English.

Green hands do in fact exist too, but sometimes simply alluding to the inexperience of general-purpose unskilled employees. I think thumb wins out in the end because the singular is a bit simpler, and thumbs don't have so many other associations that might confuse the imagery.

My chart combines US and UK usage figures, but looking at the patterns for each country separately makes it clear that US thumb and UK fingers became far more dominant in their respective countries from about the 1940s, with little change in usage figures for whatever word was being used on the other side of the pond. I think this may be a result of increased commercialisation of "domestic horticulture" at the time. This probably led to a proliferation of books, magazines, local clubs, etc., and these by their very nature would be far more likely to encourage standardisation around an easily-recognised term.

Thus it may be little more than a fluke that the US standardised on a different term - if neither was particularly well known before, either would be happily embraced by commercial and social networking interests. But standardisation would be very much encouraged thereafter, whichever form happened to have taken the early lead.

Obviously a gardener spends a lot of time handling plant material, much of which is green and might therefore stain one's digits. Since the metaphorical usage is so transparent, it could be re-coined many times. It would normally be understood on first hearing, and often passed on by the hearer, so the expression could have had multiple opportunities to both germinate and thrive.


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The aspects of the answer are much more interesting than I thought they would be. I'm impressed. – Daniel Jul 4 '11 at 16:14
@drm65: It may be that unwanted association with the distressing condition white finger will help push out the British usage in this mechanised age. Strange how the US plumped for thumb so decisively, though. – FumbleFingers Jul 4 '11 at 21:27
The Word Detective has an interesting theory which may explain the nGram. "In the period immediately preceding and during World War II, one of the most popular programs on BBC radio in Britain was called “In Your Garden.” [...] Eric Partridge suggested that this program might have popularized both phrases, and that “green thumb” was actually a reference to the very old English proverb “An honest miller has a golden thumb.”" – user1579 Jul 4 '11 at 23:51
@Rhodri: Sounds plausible to me. Using NGram to look at the US side of things I saw lots of references to magazines and gardening clubs called or including the words Green Thumb. Radio is part of the same thing. It's all about what we might call a "craze", which could explain why each side of the Atlantic used their own preferred word so exclusively - they were hearing and reading it a lot. – FumbleFingers Jul 5 '11 at 0:17

The thumb and forefinger are generally used to pinch back plants. Considering the special function of the thumb resulting from its anatomical difference (it is opposable to the other four fingers of hand and has two phalanges instead of three), it is necessary to achieve the objective. I think that the use of thumb rather than other fingers or the whole hand in this idiom is to emphasise its importance in relation to the task.

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Wouldn't both the thumb and fingers be green then because the thumb ain't much help without the fingers. – Mitch Jul 4 '11 at 18:28
@Mitch They obviously would, but the thumb could do the work with any of the remaining four which is not as easy vice versa. – Harold Cavendish Jul 4 '11 at 18:35
Your speculative etymology doesn't explain why in BrE, people use 'green fingers'. – Mitch Jul 4 '11 at 19:44
@Mitch: There does remain the question of why US usage so decisively and contrarily opted for thumb when fingers was already dominant in the old country. I think partly they just liked the sound of the word, plus there are so many idiomatic usages involving finger they also liked something that stood out (like a sore thumb! :) – FumbleFingers Jul 4 '11 at 21:36
@FumbleFingers: A comparison of two separate NGram graphs American vs British shows that 'green fingers' was established well in both countries, but that somehow in the US during the WWII years, 'green thumb' started to take over wildly. The answer as to 'why' there would really go towards answering the OP. – Mitch Jul 4 '11 at 22:05

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