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As the title suggests, I'm curious about the origin of a "hung jury" when the jury doesn't come to a decision.

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up vote 2 down vote accepted

This column by Adam Freedman discusses the phrase:

The Oxford English Dictionary lists the first printed reference to a hung jury in Edwin Bryant’s What I Saw in California (1848-49) in which he states: “The jury . . . were what is called ‘hung’; they could not agree . . .”
Bryant’s phrasing obviously suggests that the phrase was already in common use by the late 1840’s. ... The earliest use of the term in a law report appears in an 1821 case, Evans v. McKinsey. ... it appears that the term developed somewhere in the south during the early 19th Century.
Linguistically, the phrase seems to derive from the sense of “hung” to mean caught, suspended or delayed (“I got hung up at the office”).

The Hung Jury: The American Jury's Insights and Contemporary Understanding [PDF] references the same cases, with a few more details (see footnote, pg 1).

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I think you're on the right track, and "hung" along the lines of "suspended" is probably where to look. – Kit Z. Fox Jun 27 '11 at 19:42

The following clip from an 1838 issue of the Southern Literary Messenger confirms both the geography and time frame mentioned in @aedia's answer:


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The OED's earliest citation is 1848, but I found an earlier example with the same meaning in Niles' Weekly Register of November 23, 1822:

Lithgow, at Richmond, famous about a certain check, was lately again on his trial--but the jury was "hung;" that is, divided on the verdict, and no other indictment was to be tried "during the present term of the court."

Another meaning of hung is suspended, and the jury is figuratively suspended as it cannot make a decision.

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I've sent this antedating to the OED. – Hugo Jan 16 '13 at 13:15

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