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I'm sure there's a word which matches this definition. Where you make a slight mistake in saying something and a friend will nudge you and say "oh, so that's what you really think?!"

One example, though not perfect, was when Prime Minister Gordon Brown, in a heated exchange, meant to declare "We saved the banks" but actually said "We saved the world..." before correcting himself.

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Can you provide an example, please? – BiscuitBoy Feb 25 at 8:29
    
I'm trying to think of one but my mind has helpfully gone blank. – Mr. Boy Feb 25 at 8:32
    
@JEL, I noticed your answer only after I had edited mine. Got the "parapraxis" from the wikipedia article on "Freudian slip". I've deleted that part now. – Jacinto Feb 25 at 9:05
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Vaguely related: you may also be thinking of a spoonerism – Benubird Feb 25 at 10:53
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Great example (in a joke): Man says to his psychiatrist "Last week you were telling me about Freudian slips, and I had the most amazing one this week. We were at my in-laws for dinner. I wanted to say to my mother-in-law 'Please pass the salt' but it came out as 'you ruined my life' " – Ask613 Feb 25 at 17:29
up vote 106 down vote accepted

That's an example of Freudian slip (wikipedia):

error in speech, memory, or physical action that is interpreted as occurring due to the interference of an unconscious ("dynamically repressed") subdued wish, conflict, or train of thought guided by the ego and the rules of correct behavior.

It is also known, technically, I suppose, as parapraxis (dictionary.com):

a slip of the tongue or pen, forgetfulness, misplacement of objects, or other error thought to reveal unconscious wishes or attitudes.

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+1 You are right in as much as that is what it is usually called. However modern cognitive psychologists place little reliance on Freud's theory about the existence of an ordered sub-conscious - mainly because it relies too much on theory, and there is little empirical evidence for such a thing. – WS2 Feb 25 at 8:43
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A Freudian slip is when you say one thing and mean your mother -- I mean "another" – Lenne Feb 25 at 9:43
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My experience has been that the term "Freudian slip" typically refers specifically to gaffs of a sexual nature. This may not be the official definition, but it seems to be widely used in that way. – Darrel Hoffman Feb 25 at 17:15
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@DarrelHoffman I don't know if you intended it (If so, +1!) but what's hilarious is that your statement is both self-referential, and a Freudian slip. A gaffe is a mistake, while a gaff is something else entirely. – Iwillnotexist Idonotexist Feb 25 at 19:10
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@IwillnotexistIdonotexist - Hmm, I'd like to pretend that was on purpose, but having never heard of the other definition until now, I can honestly say that was entirely unintentional. But admittedly hilarious. (Can you still call it a Freudian slip if the person who makes it is unaware even subconsciously of alternate meaning?) – Darrel Hoffman Feb 25 at 19:18

Another word for it is Lapsus.

According to Wikipedia:

A lapsus (Latin for "lapse, slip, error") is an involuntary mistake made while writing or speaking, something long studied in philology.

The word is used in quite a few languages.

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Welcome to English Language & Usage! Fun answer, I'd never heard of this before. – SuperBiasedMan Feb 25 at 11:21
    
+1, used in German, too. – print x div 0 Feb 25 at 11:25
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Not used in eveyday English. – David Glickman Feb 25 at 14:36
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The term lapsus is neutral: unlike Jacinto's suggestions, and unlike what the OP is asking for, it does not specifically imply that the error suggests a desire or belief that the speaker had intended to conceal. – ruakh Feb 25 at 20:43
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What's wrong with just plain 'lapse'? If you use 'lapsus'' in English, unless you're writing catachismic exegesis, you'll be way out of register. – Mitch Feb 26 at 13:04

A Kinsley Gaffe where a person, especially a politician, accidentally says what they really think.

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Many a truth is said in jest.

Per Wikipedia, this adage is from the Cook’s Tale by Chaucer.

This is not necessarily a slip, though it often is. In some cases, the joke was planned, not a slip, but by making the joke the speaker unintentionally gives away that he or she isn’t really joking.

But it doesn’t generally apply when a joke is obviously speaking the truth. Observational humor, satire, etc., wouldn’t usually be described with this, even though the literal meaning would apply especially well in those cases.

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I did not know that was Chaucerian! good one – Joe Blow Feb 26 at 13:25

protected by Mitch Feb 26 at 13:02

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