What is an adjective that describes a person who is unpredictable in a negative or potentially dangerous way? I keep thinking "volatile," but I'm looking for a word more cohesive with the description of a person rather than a science experiment or something. Perhaps something similar to "loose cannon," but an adjective? I believe I am looking for a specific word, but I can't think of it.
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Volatile is a very good word, not at all necessarily scientific, but connotes explosive.
A clinical word for this is labile:
In order of how negative they are in my opinion. There are a few other less ideal ones, like "iffy" and "capricious", but those are the four I'd consider the most negative/dangerous sounding synonyms for unpredictable in terms of people.
Many good words have been suggested. You could also consider using the adjective mercurial which means:
More broadly used one is capricious:
[Oxford Online Dictionary]
I can't top volatile (my favorite answer here) or unstable, but another possibility is sociopathic, though it may be too "clinical" for your purpose. Psychotic might work, too, though it isn't an exact synonym of the other words suggested here.
P.S. Thanks for adding labile to my vocabulary!
Several synonyms have been suggested; considering that you specified:
I thought I would point out a few words that are more similar in sound to "volatile" than the excellent words so far suggested, and that are at least somewhat similar in meaning as well (or at least related). Hopefully one of these may jog your memory:
And, some more common words I found during my search that I think are unlikely to be the word you are looking for, but might be:
Adding to the above list: