I know it may be dumb but what is the difference between the following words?
Especially the difference between data and information? I know it but cannot explain it well to my teacher.
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There are slight differences.
Basically, data is gained through experiments and studies. Information is gained through analysis of this data. Knowledge is then gained from the understanding of the information available. Science is all about this process.
Data are isolated facts without any particular context or interpretation.
Knowledge is an organized and contextualized statement of what we already know.
Information is new knowledge that was unknown previously. Note that what is information to one person may be knowledge to someone else.
Science is a process by which one tries to generate
Knowledge is what we know. Data is/are the facts of the World. Information allows us to expand our knowledge beyond the range of our senses. We can capture data in information, then move it about so that other people can access it at different times.