Take the 2-minute tour ×
English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Where is the root morpheme in the Old English cristalla (crystal) and cymen (cumin)? It seems to be wrong to identify the morphemes in loanwords from etymological point of view.

share|improve this question
add comment

1 Answer

up vote 2 down vote accepted

There is an Old English word cristal,

Crystal: From Old English cristal (“clear ice/mineral”),

so I would assume that "cristalla" has the root of "cristal", and "-a" is a suffix.

For cumin:

From Old English cymen, from Latin cuminum,

The Latin cuminum is a second declension of "cumin", so the root in this case is the word itself, as it doesn't have any affix attached.

share|improve this answer
1  
Thank you. The arguments mentioned sound very persuasive. –  subic Jun 3 '11 at 7:32
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.