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Suppose I was writing this sentence: "John ran, and he shouted very loudly".

"He" in that sentence was referring back to John. I am quite sure there is a word describing this referring to a noun previously mentioned. Could someone help me out please?

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Incomplete answer - hence the comment. You have 2 independent clauses in the sentence, and the "he" itself is a Subject Pronoun - but not sure what to term the repetitive pronoun, or whether such a term exists. – JoseK Jun 1 '11 at 11:04
@JoseK, the second independent clause's subject refers to the first independent clause's subject, so I was wondering if there is such a term. – Thursagen Jun 1 '11 at 11:06
Should I assume "pronoun" isn't the word you're looking for? – user1579 Jun 1 '11 at 13:40
up vote 4 down vote accepted

It's anaphoric reference, as opposed to cataphoric reference.

Disclaimer: That link is not to my site, but I work with someone who works on it.

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Or just "anaphora" – Colin Fine Jun 1 '11 at 16:15

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