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I saw a sentence like this:

Wilkinson is contesting the release, and threatened to sue should it be released.

I could understand it but do you know what do they call this kind of use of "should" in grammar?

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4 Answers

up vote 11 down vote accepted

This use of "should" appears to be called expressing the conditional mood. The New Oxford American Dictionary describes it in the following way:

(formal) expressing the conditional mood

  • (in the first person) indicating the consequence of an imagined event:
    if I were to obey my first impulse, I should spend my days writing letters
  • referring to a possible event or situation:
    if you should change your mind, I'll be at the hotel
    should anyone arrive late, admission is likely to be refused

(I added emphasis to the part most relevant to your question.)

Often, at least to my ear, this use of "should" carries a connotation of improbability. Example:

In the [unlikely] event that you should need to complain, please email the management team directly.

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I found a nice answer as below:

These two sentences are very similar in meaning. But 'Should you have...' or 'If you should have...' may be used in preference to 'If you have...' if we want to suggest a slight possibility of something happening or when we are making suggestions or giving advice. Compare:

'If you have any free time, make sure you visit the old town.' (It's possible, or even likely, that you may have some free time.)

'If you should have any free time, make sure you visit the old town.' (I don't really expect you will have any free time, but if you do...)

'Should you fail this exam, you can always re-take it next year.' (I think it's unlikely, but it's possible you may fail it and if you do...)

'If you fail this exam, you can always re-take it next year.' (I'm just pointing this out to you. I don't have a strong opinion on the matter one way or the other.)

Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/learnit/learnitv48.shtml

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The if is simply elided: “If you should have any questions...”.

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I don't think so. "Know you this man?" might be considered an archaic construction, but it seems to me it's the same basic type of word inversion converting a statement into a question/proposition. I don't think there was ever any elided "if" in OP's sentence - that only becomes necessary when you revert the inversion. –  FumbleFingers Apr 29 '12 at 2:49
    
@FumbleFingers Just because you don’t see them written, doesn’t mean it’s not an “if-then” pairing. It certainly is. –  tchrist Apr 29 '12 at 3:19
    
If it's simple elision of the word "if", how do you explain the reversal from "should you" to "you should"? –  FumbleFingers Apr 29 '12 at 12:50
    
@FumbleFingers It’s related to the inversion we see not just in leading prepositional phrases, but notably in leading subjunctive used as condition: “Come the day I pass the bar, I will that day be allowed to practise law” is “When the day comes that I pass the bar...”. It’s archaic, but we use subjunctive mood and inversion for a future hypothetical, the same sort of thing we normally just use a simple if and indicative with. They are equivalent structures in meaning. –  tchrist Apr 29 '12 at 14:00
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Should you have any questions, please call

means the same as

If you have any questions, please call

but the former is more formal. Here should is used as a modal verb with the sense of possibility.

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