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I can't quite get my head around the difference between misapprehension and its opposite apprehension.

I understand the latter, but the former still eludes me.

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up vote 5 down vote accepted

Apprehension is not usually used as the opposite of misapprehension.

Misapprehension is another word for misunderstanding - "A mistaken belief about or interpretation of something".

Apprehension can mean "understanding", but is usually used to refer to a feeling of fear or misgiving about a future event.

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"Misapprehension" only negates one meaning of "apprehension":

misapprehension — a mistaken belief about or interpretation of something

apprehension — understanding; grasp

The other meanings of apprehension are generally not relevant to the meaning of misapprehension.

Usage examples from the same dictionary I grabbed the definitions:

the pure apprehension of the work of art

she must have been laboring under the misapprehension that you are nice

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