We know that Abbottabad is named after Major James Abbott, an officer in the Indian Army who founded the town. But where does the "...abad" come from? Does it have any relationship to the English word abode?
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I am an native Urdu speaker. This word is combination of Abbot and Abad. Abbot can be the name of person.
Abad used in terms of to populate, or get settled on location, or residence or to reside. Another word is abadi which means population or a place where some population exist. i.e. Abadi of Pakistan is 160 million.
There are many other cities with suffix abad like, Islamabad, Muzaffarabad, Khroatabad etc etc.
So Islamabad will mean something like residence of Islam (it can be a name of person as well) Abbotabad will mean like place populated by Abbot, or residence of Abbot.
-Abad comes from Hindi/Urdu word which means 'populated'. 'Abadi' mean population. There are many cities in the Indian Subcontinent and also Afghanistan(e.g. Jalalabad) ending with -abad.
here's an (and probably an easier) entry about آباد
here's the entry on *peh₂-
Can we find a word that has the same meaning of "abad" via "vasati"? Well, you could through one of the descendants in Hindi बस्ती (bastī)
so although you'd end up with with -abad that means city and bastī that means a small town (and arguably - an abode) - they're probably not related.
This was just discussed in depth on Language Log. After a long discussion giving a variety of different perspectives on the etymological roots of -abad, we get this conclusion:
Etymology: The name of the city is a compound containing two words, Abbott and Abad.
But this seems interesting, since, in Spanish
From: Google Translate
protected by tchrist Aug 6 '14 at 12:38
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