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I like the famous song. But I can't understand what does "to promise the earth" mean. Does she want to give the Earth to him? I suspect native English speakers find it a strange question. Maybe I don't know all meanings of 'promise'. Could anyone explain to me this line?

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What famous song? "Girl" by The Beatles? – Robusto Apr 23 '11 at 18:27
Yes, it is. "...and I believe her" – Andrey Apr 23 '11 at 18:31
up vote 6 down vote accepted

This is a standard idiom in English. The earth here is a metaphor that symbolizes the impossible, the immoderate, or the unfulfillable:

promise (someone) the earth (or moon)NOAD
make extravagant promises to someone that are unlikely to be fulfilled:
interactive technology titillates, promises the earth, but delivers nothing

The origin of this idiom is probably from the third temptation of Jesus (in the Bible), where the devil tempts him with the ridiculous promise of all the kingdoms of the world:

Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them; And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me.
Matthew 4:8–9 (The Bible, King James Version)

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Thank you so much for the detailed response! – Andrey Apr 23 '11 at 18:13
@Andrey: You're welcome! She couldn't give him the earth even if she wanted to—she doesn't own it! :) – Jimi Oke Apr 23 '11 at 18:27

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