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Why is it such a common mistake (particularly among school-children) to connect certain pairs of separate words? The most obvious example probably being:

e.g. "a lot"->"alot"

Is it because- in this particular case at least- there is already a valid word "allot" that exists?

Maybe also, it helps that "a" is a valid prefix to a word (e.g. "a-plenty").

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Because the space bar of the keyboard is so small it's easy to miss? –  F'x Apr 19 '11 at 8:05
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I voted to close because I think this question is just rhetorical; the OP already knows the answer, and wants agreement. –  Uticensis Apr 19 '11 at 11:59
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although, already, almost, alright... as you said in the question, it is probably because of confusion with other words. I can't think of any way to truly answer this any more definitively than your speculation. –  Kosmonaut Apr 19 '11 at 14:28
    
The real question here seems to be "Why do people make mistakes with language?" This is a question of the focus and quality of education. Similarly, Why do children say "your" when they mean "you're", as in "your great!"? The answer is they don't much care to be correct, or haven't been taught the difference. –  gbutters Apr 19 '11 at 15:55
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I WISH it were just children, instead of my co-workers, friends, and other adults. –  thursdaysgeek Apr 19 '11 at 22:40
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5 Answers

up vote 9 down vote accepted

Possibly people have a natural tendency to spell "alot" in a single word because the brain processes it as a single word. At any rate, with its use for quantification, it clearly has some "special" properties. Notice the difference in verb agreement between:

A lot of the problems are due to bad planning.

A lot from the auctions is missing.

This taken with the fact that "a lot" can be used adverbially ("he got a lot further") probably make it "feel" like a single item in terms of how the brain processes it. The perceived "obligation" to spell it as two words, like any spelling, is just an arbitrary convention.

A five-year-old child learning to write may not have even come across the word "lot" outside the phrase "a lot of", and occasional phrases such as "a whole lot of" which split "a" and "lot" are rare compared to the basic phrase.

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+1 I wonder if kids subconsciously peg “alotta” as a determiner. It kinda makes sense. –  Jason Orendorff Apr 19 '11 at 15:36
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I like this answer alot. Thanks. –  Urbycoz Apr 20 '11 at 8:54
    
Maybe it's not even really a mistake? –  SamB May 3 '11 at 4:42
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As usual, there’s a certain logic to this common mistake.

Of course if you have read and learned the spelling, it makes sense the way you’ve learned it. But imagine for a second that you weren’t really the reading type, and you didn’t know how a lot was spelled. Would you think of it as two words?

Consider We care a lot. Is lot a noun there? How many other nouns can do that? We care a bicycle? We care a friendship? I could accept We care a bunch / a bit / a little, and a few temporal expressions like We care this year / all the time, but a million other nouns don’t work. So it’s no wonder some people put a lot in the same mental bucket as sometimes, occasionally, and deeply.

Also— a lot is an idiom. It does not mean the same thing in the everyday We have a lot as it does in the more literal We have a lot in the Appalachians where we’re going to build a cabin someday. There is a pattern in English that such idioms tend to get fused into single words: all ready/already, all most/almost, a wake/awake, a way/away, and a live/alive. This also explains why alright is so common.

Of course the standard spelling has its own logic: a lot of bananas is a typical noun phrase whereas alot of bananas would be pretty odd; the lot of them and the whole lot are occasionally heard; and so on. But you can see how someone might make the mistake.

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I think it's simply a misspelling. In the case of "a lot", it's a term that's frequently used, and it might seem like one word when pronounced. So I'm thinking that until told differently, kids think that "a lot" is one word.

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That may be all it is. It just seems so incredibly prevalent. And the same does not occur with most similar pairs of words For example, I've never seen anyone write "lotsof" or "hasto". –  Urbycoz Apr 19 '11 at 8:53
    
haha, true that. But look at those words you just made up. They look less "right" than "alot". No, I don't know why people do this... –  masarah Apr 19 '11 at 9:04
    
"a lot" sounds like one word in contradistinction to "lotsof" –  Andrey Apr 19 '11 at 11:24
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I can't post images in comments, but I think this one is worth a tenth of a myriad’s words:

ngram

So: no, it's not “on its way to becoming a recognised single word”.

And most of the hits from this ngram are not actual uses of “alot” in the context we are discussing here, but OCR issues or names of foreign places.

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what is the source of this graph? Care to share? –  teylyn Apr 19 '11 at 11:13
    
@teylyn: it's a Google ngram, and I edited the post so that the image links to the original graph. Sorry! –  F'x Apr 19 '11 at 11:18
    
Thank you! In the meantime, I had already found the Google ngram site by googling "ngram". Neat site!! –  teylyn Apr 19 '11 at 11:49
    
That's a good graph alright. –  The Raven Apr 19 '11 at 14:03
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@F'x: You argue that alot is “on its way to becoming a recognised single word” but this graph only proves that "alot" is much less common than "a lot". There are plenty of recognized words which are comparably rare as "alot". And I can make a graph that "proves" than even "a lot" is not recognized as a term by the same metric. –  hippietrail Sep 26 '11 at 7:49
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Because it's on its way to becoming a recognised single word.

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No source given for answer, and it not an explanation anyway as to why (supposedly) it's becoming a recognised word. –  Ankur Banerjee Apr 19 '11 at 16:08
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