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I'm looking for two different single words (although if there are two or three word phrases that are clearer, I'd prefer them) to make the following distinction for get/locate/find/obtain:

  • get X if it can be found
  • get X no matter what (if it can't be found, then make or create it)

Any suggestions?

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What context are you working with? Programming, literature, documentation, ...? –  MrHen Apr 18 '11 at 16:40
    
happens to be programming, but I want to be general as I want this to make sense to non-programmers. –  sibbaldiopsis Apr 18 '11 at 17:00
    
Sure. Programming just seems to have its own set of preferences. :) And this reeks of linked lists. :P –  MrHen Apr 18 '11 at 17:08
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3 Answers

up vote 3 down vote accepted

Within the context of an environment that actually needs to distinguish between "find if there" and "find if there; create and find if not" there is likely a specific term used already. I would double check to see if there is a preference in your field or from your colleagues.

If that fails, here is how I see the options (full opinion disclaimer applies):

get

"Get" mildly assumes something will be found; if not, the scope should be broadened until the object is found. It also suggests obtaining or returning with the object:

Get me a coke.

Get me a sweater.

A response of "I couldn't find one" could plausibly be countered with "Then go get me one!" This implies going to the store or looking harder.

find

Strongly assumes that something exists and you need to locate it.

Find the keys.

We will find the criminal.

A punster could justify responding to "find me a coke" by coming back without the coke and letting the requester know that one was found but the general implication in the request is to bring the object back.

retrieve

"Retrieve" is generally used for looking up information or fetching something that is already known and located:

Go retrieve the files on the Anderson case.

This dog retrieves ducks like the best of them.

It seems to have also caught on with regards to databases, drives, email and other computer related terms.

search

Searching for something again implies that it does exist and you need to locate it. I personally consider "search" more applicable for potentially not existing; "find" seems more appropriate for something you know exists. "Searches" also seem to take longer (or at least can.)

The search for extraterrestrial life continues.

We searched for a place to make camp.

obtain

"Obtain" implies possession more than existence but it would be a little difficult to obtain something that doesn't exist. I don't generally relate "obtain" to looking for anything at all; the object is already known or located and now you want to own it.

He obtained greatness.

We obtained a rare collection of antiques.

We must obtain the jewel!

locate

The implications of "locate" are much more physical. It seems to apply best for objects you know exist but have lost or can no longer find. Locating carries little to no implication of returning with the object.

Please locate my child!

Red 5, what is your location?

We need to relocate the project.


The idea of actually creating an object if one isn't found seems most applicable to these terms:

  • get
  • obtain
  • retrieve

These are have a stronger implication of actually returning with an object and a weaker implication of finding an object. I would personally use "get" as it seems to fit this pattern the best:

Get me a coke.

I couldn't find one.

Get me a coke.

Ugh, fine.

The idea of simply reporting if an object exists and, if it does, returning with it matches these options well:

  • find
  • retrieve
  • locate
  • search

I would use "find" as it more strongly implies that you actually need the object for some reason. "Retrieve" is close but I think it is a little too close to "get" and may be a little confusing.

And such is my reasoning. The summary: Use "get" for finding an object if it exists and creating it if it does not; use "find" for finding an object and doing nothing if it does not exist.

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My suggestion would be

retrieve x when it exists

obtain x when it may or may not exist.

An alternative to the latter might be procure

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For the first example I would use the word fetch, or maybe retrieve in some cases, as it has often the meaning of getting back something.
For the second example, acquire would be my suggestion if you don't want to use obtain, although obtain would quite fit the situation.

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obtain would be a more widely used synonym for acquire, wouldn't it? –  mplungjan Apr 18 '11 at 13:45
    
@mplungjan, I agree, although the OP seemed to ask for words outside of get, locate, find and obtain. However, it may be useful to make a note about it. Thanks. –  Eldroß Apr 18 '11 at 13:48
    
I'm OK using get/locate/find/obtain as long as there's a clear distinction; I just needed a perspective on clarity. –  sibbaldiopsis Apr 18 '11 at 13:51
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