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I am unclear of the use of [these|those] objects. I am unsure when to use [these|those|them].

Please someone help me tell me which is correct in the previous sentences.

This is not a dupe of What's the difference between "these" and "those"?

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up vote 1 down vote accepted

These, those and them may all be used as objects of a sentence or a preposition.

Said when no books are present:

I lost my books. Did you see them?

Said while point toward a flock of geese:

I see some geese. Do you see those?

Said while holding a handful of diamonds.

I found some diamonds. Did you see these?

You can also use two of the three as modifiers for nouns:

Did you those geese?

Did you see these diamonds?

But it is ungrammatical to say

Did you see them books?

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So, my sentences should read, "I am unclear of the use of those objects [I am point at the objects]. I am unsure when to use these." –  Carnotaurus Apr 17 '11 at 10:23
@Carnotaurus: One thing to remember between these/those. Usually "these" will be used for things in the near field (e.g., between you and your interlocutor), and "those" for things that are at some distance from you both. –  Robusto Apr 17 '11 at 10:29
What about if object are intangible (like bank accounts) or spatial in some of other, such that distance is unknown, cannot be gauged, or does not apply? –  Carnotaurus Apr 17 '11 at 10:35
Then you would be more likely to use those: "I have some shares in Google. Did you see how those have shot up recently?" But you could also use these: "Liver, kidney, organ meats of any kind — these are the foods I hate most." Sorry to say, but the subtleties of usage here must simply be learned from experience (i.e. reading). –  Robusto Apr 17 '11 at 10:41
Thanks, you have more than clarified the usage of these words and their senses. –  Carnotaurus Apr 17 '11 at 10:43
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