Take the 2-minute tour ×
English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Do in future and in the future imply different meanings? If so, using which one is grammatically correct?

share|improve this question
7  
Can you give some examples for context? –  Kosmonaut Aug 26 '10 at 11:12
    
Maybe Hamid is asking about the difference between "in future" and "in the future"? –  delete Aug 26 '10 at 13:08
    
@Shinto Yes, exactly, that. Sorry for the mistake. –  Hamid Aug 26 '10 at 13:49
4  
Can you give sentences? If the sentence is "Be careful in future", then I would tell you that the sentence was just a note (or written by a non-native speaker) and should normally have "the" in front of it. If the sentence is "I hope to see you again in future meetings", then I would tell you that "future" is being used as an adjective. Or, maybe there is some context where "in future" would be used that I am not thinking of. –  Kosmonaut Aug 26 '10 at 14:02
1  
In future just sounds like bad grammar. –  Incognito Aug 26 '10 at 15:38
show 4 more comments

7 Answers

up vote 5 down vote accepted

He would be more careful in future.
They plan on getting married in the near future.

In the first sentence, "in future" means "from now on"; the NOAD reports that its use is chiefly British.
In the second sentence, "in the future" means "the time or a period of time following the moment of speaking or writing."

share|improve this answer
2  
I'd say "exclusively British." I don't believe I've ever heard it from Americans. –  Peter Shor Aug 26 '11 at 19:25
add comment

You may see "in future" when "future" is modifying a noun for which "in" is an appropriate preposition.

Fore example:

in future ______

  • shows
  • plays
  • events

and etc.

share|improve this answer
add comment

In future is how they say it in the UK and India. It is common and considered normal.

In future, we will avoid water beds.

In American English, In future sounds strange; in the future is preferred or at least will get you fewer strange looks.

share|improve this answer
2  
"Less strange looks" or "fewer strange looks"? Or both? :-) –  ShreevatsaR Aug 27 '10 at 8:07
add comment

In future is much more common in the UK and Ireland, as in In future, be more careful. In the US, we would tend to say In the future, be more careful. They mean exactly the same thing.

share|improve this answer
    
+1.When Indian customer service representatives are taught American English, this is something that is part of the curriculum. –  Manjima Sep 8 '10 at 10:44
add comment

Both forms are possible. "In future" is often used in reprimands:

In future please sign and date your letters

It is very general, talking about all times from now onwards. You can find many examples on Google (search for "in future please take care").

"In the future" is more neutral and more specific:

In the future I would like to go to Australia, but now I don't have enough money.

share|improve this answer
8  
I have never, ever, seen "In future" use as a reprimanding replacement for "in the future." If you can show a documented use, i will remove my down-vote, and delete my own answer. –  John Gietzen Aug 26 '10 at 14:55
1  
@Shinto: Clearly, I meant something that you did not invent. –  John Gietzen Aug 26 '10 at 14:57
3  
I think it's important to note that "in future please take care" is mostly a feature of written English. Sort of a telegraph ellipsis. No one would speak that sentence. –  JoFrhwld Aug 26 '10 at 16:29
3  
@Shinto, I'm going to need some convincing that Google isn't giving you results from non-native speakers. –  JSBձոգչ Aug 26 '10 at 16:31
2  
in future would never be used in my area of America, the southwest. I've never heard or seen that. The only place I can imagine it is in text when letters are precious and limited. –  Charlie Aug 26 '10 at 19:14
show 4 more comments

The difference is only in whether future is a noun or an adjective.

In the future, please be more careful and Please be more careful in the future both use future as a noun.

In future activities, please be more careful uses future to modify the noun activities.

To my knowledge is it not correct to say in future in the place of in the future.

share|improve this answer
add comment

As far as grammar goes the difference between in future and in the future is contextual. One usually comes across phrases like in future endeavours or in future meets where future serves as an adjective. But if the reference is only to the times ahead,in the future would be correct and not in future. Thus,it would be correct to say: Be more careful in the future. or There will come a time in the future when there will be no petroleum left on the planet. and incorrect to go with the other. However,the spoken word in Britain and many former colonies where the influence of British English is enduring,it's not uncommon to come across simple notes that use in future. Perhaps they find it more easy on their ears.Nonetheless,grammatically wanting.

share|improve this answer
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.