Take the 2-minute tour ×
English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. It's 100% free, no registration required.

What is the origin of the phrase "butt of (all) jokes"? I'm wondering whether 'jokes' are being personified here (as per the origin of the term) with 'butt' being used as it's not exactly the most exalted part of the body, or whether 'butt' was intended more as a 'base' for all jokes? (I'm leaning towards the latter.)

share|improve this question
add comment

4 Answers

up vote 21 down vote accepted

Butt 2. a.

A mark for archery practice; properly a mound or other erection on which the target is set up. Hence in mod. use a mound or embankment in front of which the targets are placed for artillery, musketry, or rifle practice.

  • Oxford English Dictionary
share|improve this answer
5  
Etymonline confirms this is correct: "target of a joke, 1610s, originally target for shooting practice." –  MrHen Apr 7 '11 at 18:29
    
You can't ask for a better answer than that! –  FumbleFingers Apr 7 '11 at 22:52
add comment

Butts were, as is pointed out above, the archery targets erected permanently in or near a village or town for archery practice, required by law by Edward III in 1363 (also forbidding all sorts of other, more decadent pastimes such as football. See various archery reference books, including 'The Longbow' by Mike Loades, Osprey Publishing, 2013. A butt is therefore a target, so the butt of a joke is the target of a joke. The French word for 'target' or 'goal'(as in a purpose) is 'le but' (also la cible). probably from Old Nordic 'butr' - a log. Log ends were, and still are, used for target practice. The Normans would have used this term and introduced it to English. Probably. You can still find 'The Butts' or 'Butts Lane' or some such as addresses today.

share|improve this answer
add comment

Did some sleuthing for print references. I found butt of the joke back to 1775, though up until the mid-1800s one was just as likely to be a butt of the jest. Prior to this reference, it seems one could be the figurative butt of various slings and arrows all the way back to the early 16oos, as Etymonline has it.

Here's the 1775 reference from Observations, Historical, Critical, and Medical, on the Wines of the Ancients, by Sir Edward Barry, explicating on the rank of ancient Roman slaves in relation to rank of guests:

http://books.google.com/books?id=yTlKAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA322&dq=%22butt%20of%20the%20joke%22&hl=en&ei=LmmeTdqTGs2itgf_9oyhAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22butt%20of%20the%20joke%22&f=false

share|improve this answer
add comment

Update: Colin's answer is more likely correct. See the comments there.


To butt something can mean to ram it or hit it with the back end of something:

He butted me with the rifle.

To get the butt end of a joke is to receive the blunt of the joke. In other words, you are the one being hit or attacked with the joke. This phrase is useful partly because the person getting the butt can still be included in the joking around — you can be making fun of yourself and still get the butt of the joke.

Similar phrases:

He is getting the brunt of the joke.

He is getting the raw end of the deal.

He got the business end of a sword.

Someone who continually gets the joke butts can be referred to as a butt monkey but that may be returning to using "butt" to mean your tushy.

share|improve this answer
    
PS: TVTropes warning. –  MrHen Apr 7 '11 at 17:02
4  
As an addendum, I would also like to point out, that in the English language, 'butt' meaning something blunt derives from it's original meaning of a large barrel rather than the human posterior. Hence the infamous lane in the UK 'Butthole Lane' which made the news when take-away companies refused to deliver food there, thinking it was a joke, rather than named after a damaged vessel! –  Carty239 Apr 7 '11 at 20:09
    
"Butt" meaning "rear-end of a person" derives from "butt" meaning "rear end of a weapon", not the other way round. –  Colin Fine Apr 8 '11 at 13:38
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.