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Are the words "backdrop" and "background" interchangeable?

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In short, sure, they basically mean the same thing. But "backdrop" is very obscure, just use "background". –  Joe Blow Aug 10 at 15:33
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To be perfectly clear, if you're talking about graphic design or image processing, then it's only "background". You could not use "backdrop". (Conversely, if you've ever worked on a photography shoot you'll know what a "back-drop" is; and you can't really use "background" for that.) –  Joe Blow Aug 10 at 15:34

3 Answers 3

No doubt many people think of the two words as interchangeable, but to me backdrop (a US coinage from about a century ago, originally a literal reference to the backcloth of a theatre stage) potentially has much more restricted applicability.

In general, I expect a figurative backdrop to be something apparent to me (the observer) at the time when I'm viewing (or otherwise "focussing on") some foreground referent.

On the other hand, a figurative background might be something I'm completely unaware of until someone else tells me the backstory behind whatever we're talking about or looking at.

In terms of prevalence, even among people who treat the words as equivalent, background is far more common, but arguably backdrop sounds more artistic/intellectual/"cultured" to many.

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Hmm, I don't think that's very surprising: "background" is the everyday word in this context. "backdrop" would very rarely be used. –  Joe Blow Aug 10 at 15:36
    
@Josh61: As I write the first sentence of this comment, I haven't actually checked (but my expectation is background will be more common by at least an order of magnitude). By the time of this second sentence, I've checked NGram, and I'm surprised to see I'm only just right - backdrop continues to gain relative currency, and is now only about 12-15 times less common than background (50 years ago it was more like 100 times less common). –  FumbleFingers Aug 10 at 15:37
    
you can't say backdrop music –  JamesRyan Aug 10 at 20:36
    
@JamesRyan: Good point. But you can say the music was a backdrop. And even if you didn't want to listen to it, you wouldn't need to ask someone else purely in order to establish that it was present (i.e. - it is "apparent"). –  FumbleFingers Aug 10 at 20:55

from my experience, backdrop implies a sense of physicality in its definition, being used as a verb:

"lie behind or beyond; serve as a background to."

Background:

"the part of a picture, scene, or design that forms a setting for the main figures or objects, or appears furthest from the viewer."

Do you see the difference? I would say no, they are not interchangeable.

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No; in some isolated contexts the words may be interchanged, but overall they have different definitions. For example, people and things can "blend into the background", but usually not into the backdrop, and there is no such thing as a "backdrop check" although most readers will be quite familiar with the concept of a "background check".
A backdrop is literally "a painted cloth hung at the back of a theater stage as part of the scenery", whereas "background" is much more general of "anything that goes behind" including temporally as well as physically.

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