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Is there a word that describes the act, common of language learners, of using a cumbersome way to say something because they do not know a concise word (almost like I am doing here...).

For example:

That woman is the sister of my father.

Could be more efficiently said as

That woman is my aunt.

But the speaker may not know the word aunt even though they know father and sister.

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lol great question. I believe there is no single word for that. –  Joe Blow Jul 31 at 8:37
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As an IT guy I'd use workaround 😄 –  Honza Zidek Jul 31 at 10:14
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@HonzaZidek "Hack", "Temporary Solution", "Java" –  Cruncher Jul 31 at 17:02
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So this questions is itself a circumlocution for circumlocution :| –  David Everlöf Aug 1 at 11:45
    
@DavidEverlöf Indeed! I thought it was kind of embarassing... –  Deathkill14 Aug 5 at 6:24

5 Answers 5

up vote 42 down vote accepted

Circumlocution

And by proxy: roundabout speech, circumduction, circumvolution, periphrasis, or ambage

Roundabout speech refers to using many words (such as "a tool used for cutting things such as paper and hair") to describe something for which a concise (and commonly known) expression exists

source: wikipedia

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Yes, this is the perfect answer. Thank you. –  Deathkill14 Jul 31 at 9:00
    
@Deathkill14 a pleasure - I appreciate wikipedia is a poor source, but it gave one of the best examples of usage. –  SW4 Jul 31 at 9:00
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impressive answer –  Joe Blow Jul 31 at 11:29
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LOL DUDE! you totally spelled it wrong in the heading, heh! :) –  Joe Blow Jul 31 at 11:31
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Great word, but just to raise the point that it doesn't necessarily address the aspect of the speaker not knowing a better term & in fact, may carry connotations of the opposite, OED says "the use of many words where fewer would do, especially in a deliberate attempt to be vague or evasive." (my emphasis) –  anotherdave Aug 1 at 10:08

You can talk around the topic, as per this definition from Thefreedictionary.com:

_2. To speak indirectly about: talked around the subject but never got to the point.

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In my experience "talking around" is usually used when the person is intentionally avoiding directly mentioning specific subject (or word I guess). –  OGHaza Jul 31 at 9:57
    
right. talking in a roundabout way is what you say if you don't wanna use "circumlocution" –  Joe Blow Jul 31 at 11:31
    
This is avoidinging directly speaking about a subject, not a word. It's completely different. –  Benubird Jul 31 at 14:34

Teachers will often ask their students, learners of English, to paraphrase the word or expression that they are stuck on, this might also include giving a definition of the said word.

Paraphrase

a rewording of something written or spoken by someone else.
Oxford dictionaries

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Hi, wellcome back :)) –  Josh61 Jul 31 at 13:11
    
@Josh61 thank you! :) –  Mari-Lou A Jul 31 at 14:57

I agree with the commentator above that "circumlocution" has a connotation of intentionality. I would use "floundering" for the behavior originally described, although that might have more of a connotation of incoherence than intended by the original question.

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I think that the following terms can be used to indicate a way to express indirectly:

To imply:

  • to indicate or suggest without being explicitly stated.

To mean:

  • To intend to convey or indicate:

  • To be used to express; denote:

Source:http://www.thefreedictionary.com

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