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What are the near antonyms of meliorism?

I think the antonym will oppose the belief that the world can be made better by human effort. It can be a disbelief in efforts or humanity, despondency of some sort and likewise.

Is there a word suitable as an antonym to meliorism?

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cynicism. –  Peter Shor Jun 18 at 17:34

2 Answers 2

up vote 2 down vote accepted

Optimism, meliorism, pejorism, and pessimism are from Latin optimus, melior, peior, and pessimus, respectively, meaning "best", "better", "worse", and "worst".

From that grouping, the closest antonym is pejorism (meaning "the belief that the world is becoming worse"), but the more-familiar pessimism will probably suffice for most purposes.

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Bonus! Pejorism. pejorist: One who believes that the world is getting worse The pejorist believes that the world isn't getting any better. en.wiktionary.org/wiki/pejorist –  Kris Jun 18 at 7:15
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Cite sources of information in the answer. –  Kris Jun 18 at 7:16
    
+1 for good Latin usage –  Sam Jun 18 at 10:16

It appears there is no precise antonym for meliorism. I think negativism may come close to it:

  • a negative or pessimistic attitude.

  • Psychology . a tendency to resist external commands, suggestions, or expectations, or internal stimuli, as hunger, by doing nothing or something contrary or unrelated to the stimulus.

  • any system of negative philosophy, as agnosticism or skepticism.
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