Take the 2-minute tour ×
English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Is there a name for movies/stories/whatever that intend to represent the future (i.e. the year is 2100 and blah blah, like Star Wars etc., actually anything that is not real and is an imagination fantasy of the future).

share|improve this question
    
See also: scifi.stackexchange.com –  Steve Melnikoff Mar 24 '11 at 15:06
5  
Just to pick a nit... Star Wars is not a future story it's a story that happened "a long time ago, in a galaxy far, far away." –  oosterwal Mar 24 '11 at 20:20
    
@oosterwal, I was going to pick that exact same nit, but you beat me to it. –  Marthaª Mar 24 '11 at 23:09
    
I was talking aobut the future parts. –  Shimmy Mar 24 '11 at 23:19
    
Movies of the future will be [elaborate] advertisements. –  jbelacqua Mar 25 '11 at 3:13
add comment

4 Answers 4

up vote 7 down vote accepted

As others have said, in the absence of any more specific definition, science fiction is the most likely answer. It deals with:

the impact of imagined innovations in science or technology, often in a futuristic setting

However, depending on your point of view, Star Wars may not be a good example, as it can be classed as space opera, which:

emphasizes romantic, often melodramatic adventure, set mainly or entirely in outer space, generally involving conflict between opponents possessing advanced technologies and abilities

Space opera and science fiction are both subgenres of speculative fiction, which:

is an umbrella term encompassing the more highly imaginative fiction genres

For more information, take a look on the Science Fiction & Fantasy Stack Overflow site.

share|improve this answer
add comment

It all falls under the classification of science fiction. Note that these "future worlds" may actually represent a time in the distant past as well. If you recall from the first Star Wars film (now labeled IV), the opening text crawl announced: "A long time ago, in a galaxy far far away ..."

share|improve this answer
    
Of course, some sci-fi fans go to great lengths to define their genre as the improbable made possible, distinguishing it from fantasy where the impossible is made probable. –  Callithumpian Mar 24 '11 at 11:39
1  
And most of the science fiction fans I know never use the abbreviation "sci-fi" unless they're talking about what non-fans think science fiction is. –  Colin Fine Mar 24 '11 at 15:06
1  
@Colin: That may be a quirk of your friends. The sci-fi fans here seem to use the term as much as they can. –  MrHen Mar 24 '11 at 21:16
2  
@MrHen: That's a long running, but never dominant meme. Those that don't like "sci-fi" are likely to use "sf" in it's place, and may mean "speculative fiction" by it. It is generally not hard to detect which kind of fans you are in the presence of, and it is not polite to unduly antagonize them. –  dmckee Mar 25 '11 at 0:20
add comment

The term 'Future Noir' is used to describe movies like 'Blade Runner' and 'Twelve Monkeys'. A subset of these films, like 'Terminator', get an additional classification of 'Techno-Noir'. These all tend to be darkish stories set in a dystopian, often post-apocalyptic, future. Literature, like '1984' and 'Fahrenheit 451', can fit within the future-noir genre, but can't really be called 'techno-noir'.

The more general term 'Speculative Fiction' covers a wider range of genres, including super-hero fiction and horror, that aren't necessarily set in some future.

Somewhere between the over-encompassing 'speculative fiction' and the narrowly focused 'future noir' and 'techno-noir' genres is 'Future History'. The 'Star Trek' franchise would fit within this genre, as there are frequent references to their past, which is also our future.

The three links given in the previous paragraphs each have lists of other titles that fit within their respective group.


Edit:

There is also a genre called 'film-blanc', which in contrast to 'film noir's' dark settings and dystopian story lines, offers hope and utopian story lines. Melding the two already accepted phrases 'future noir' and 'film-blanc' I propose coining 'future blanc' to describe films and literature that are set in a hopeful or utopian future.

share|improve this answer
add comment

Futuristic SciFi (Science Fiction)

share|improve this answer
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.