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Google was no help. It found many synonyms for almost, nearly, close, etc. Is there a noun that means "not quite a synonym"?

Examples:

car : wagon

hide : lose

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I think you can find your answer here: english.stackexchange.com/questions/103850/… –  Josh61 May 26 at 5:20

3 Answers 3

up vote 3 down vote accepted

A parasynonym?

parasynonym (plural parasynonyms)

(linguistics) A word or phrase that shares similar meanings with another term in some > contexts, but not all; a close synonym.

http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/parasynonym

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That's it! Thanks. –  mcrumley May 26 at 5:23
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There is no difference between the (first) definition of this word given above, and a meaningful definition of synonym itself. There are no two words (other than alternative spellings) that 'share exactly similar meanings in all contexts'. I use 'near-synonym' to mean a word 'almost interchangeable with a second word in some senses with no vast change of meaning' (eg 'He made some judicious/prudent investments') and 'synonym' to mean a word 'interchangeable in some senses with a second word with no or very little discernible change of meaning' (eg 'He gave a contented/satisfied smile). –  Edwin Ashworth May 26 at 8:43
    
I'm not sure about true synonymy myself, but English is full of words of different linguistic origins that essentially mean the same thing (kingly/regal, paternal/fatherly, etc.). I suspect that this word was coined by someone who does believe in true synonymy. –  gpr May 27 at 0:32

Similar means "resembling without being identical", but I imagine you're looking for something fancier.

Some dictionaries think synonymous itself will work:

adjective: synonymous (of a word or phrase) having the same or nearly the same meaning as another word or phrase in the same language

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Yeah, I'm looking more for something that describes a word. So "X" where X is an X of synonym. –  mcrumley May 26 at 3:59
    
This definition is more sensible than many, but still omits the necessary 'in certain usages'. A satisfied customer. a contented customer. A contented cow, a satisfied cow??? –  Edwin Ashworth May 26 at 8:50

Do you mean something like the word like or alike?

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Sort of, but more like a synonym for "not quite a synonym." I may need to rephrase the question because the word should be a noun. –  mcrumley May 26 at 4:48

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