The maternal bond (or motherly bond) is typically the relationship
between a mother and her child.
While it typically occurs due to pregnancy and childbirth, it may also
occur between a woman and an unrelated child, such as in adoption.
The above term is included in the larger sense of bonding in general
In 1935, British developmental psychologist John Bowlby published the
ground-breaking paper "the Nature of the Child's Tie to his Mother,"
in which the precursory concepts of "attachment theory" were
developed. This included the development of the concept of the
affectional bond, [or] emotional bond [...]. Attachment theory has some of its origins in the observation
of and experiments with animals, but is also based on observations of
children who had missed typical experiences of adult care
A more scientific term which describes the phenomena of parents investing time, energy, special attention and care on their off-spring is
Parental investment theory accounts for many of the differences
between males and females: [...] Human males spend more time caring
for their offspring than other male mammals. This higher parental
investment is the result of extended childhood of human offspring.
[...] However, this requires parental investment in the form of
parents ‘leading the way’- teaching and protecting children. Abandoned
children may be left to die, though in some cases societies have
developed various means of caring for them. Males do spend time caring
for their children but to a much smaller degree than mothers. This
translates into a general observation that females’ parental
investment is much greater than that of males, both before and after