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What is the most appropriate verb when talking about making a new hypothesis? E.g.

Lenneburg created the critical period hypothesis.

Lenneburg coined the critical period hypothesis.

Lenneburg came up with the critical period hypothesis.

Lenneburg termed the critical period hypothesis.

...etc. I don't know which sounds the most appropriate.

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1  
'coined' is not right. 'termed' is for -naming- the thing not initiating it. 'create' or 'came up' with both work (the latter more informal) –  Mitch May 2 at 12:50
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The ... hypothesis was first put forward by L. –  rogermue May 2 at 15:09
    
Okay, well what these answers are telling me is that there are several equally valid and varyingly popular constructions, which is reassuring. I don't know which answer to accept though, because they all give useful information. –  Leo King May 2 at 16:20

6 Answers 6

Formulate can be used in this context.

Express (an idea) in a concise or systematic way: the argument is sufficiently clear that it can be formulated mathematically

Formulating hypotesis I add this link just for referene.

Ngram

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Try using "a" instead of "an" in your Ngram. –  Sel May 2 at 13:08
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Still 'formulate' is the most common. –  Josh61 May 2 at 13:13

One suitable word is postulate

hypothesis
A supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigation [ODO]

postulate
Suggest or assume the existence, fact, or truth of (something) as a basis for reasoning, discussion, or belief [ODO]

Postulate is to suggest a fact as a basis for reasoning or discussion; a hypothesis is a suggestion made as a starting point for further examination. The terms converge.

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There's not much scope for using the verb 'postulate' anywhere else. It takes a 'synonymous object'. –  Edwin Ashworth May 2 at 15:32
    
Is that a bad thing, Edwin? –  Leo King May 2 at 16:18
    
@Leo King It's an interesting thing. I've spent quite some time looking at semantic restrictions on direct objects, and the differentiation of things-looking-like-DO's from true DO's (The piano had a stool / they had a ball / he died a hero / he looked daggers at her / he danced attendance on her / they weighed anchor ...). I can't remember coming across a verb with a 'synonymous' DO. –  Edwin Ashworth May 2 at 22:31

Some alternatives culled from Google:

developed, proposed, formulated, advanced, put forward, introduced

Google Ngram suggests "advanced" has been the most common of these until the last 30 years when "put forward" overtook it.

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Yes, but bear in mind put forward includes both present and past tense contexts. If you add together advance and advanced that verb is still the front-runner. –  FumbleFingers May 2 at 13:07
    
As for NGram, it depends on what inputs you use. I used 'formulate, advance, put forward an hypothesis' .. And the results are different!!! –  Josh61 May 2 at 13:07
    
@Josh61: My point exactly. But I've no doubt past tense would be more common overall for every different verb. It's just a skew factor that things like put forward and set out cover both tenses at once. –  FumbleFingers May 2 at 13:10
    
Yes, point taken. –  Neil May 2 at 14:31

In addition to what others have mentioned, you can hypothesize a hypothesis.

put (something) forward as a hypothesis.

Here's a sample Ngram comparing with other answers. Note that Google Ngram does not cull from scholarly articles, so it might not capture academic norms and preferences, which likely vary by discipline, too.

enter image description here

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Not as catchy as 'I have dreamed a dream'. Cognate objects aren't often used without modification (He slept the sleep of the righteous). And you weren't fair in not choosing 'we hypothesize/d a/the hypothesis' (which predictably flatline) for comparison. –  Edwin Ashworth May 2 at 15:35
    
@EdwinAshworth Isn't "we hypothesized" usually followed by the actual hypothesis? –  Sel May 2 at 20:01
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In answers, we're supposed to address OP's question, which here is 'Do you 'create' a hypothesis? ... Lenneburg ____ the critical period hypothesis. (x 4) ... I don't know which sounds the most appropriate.' –  Edwin Ashworth May 2 at 22:32
    
@EdwinAshworth Apart from the OPs example, in which case "hypothesize" would not be a suitable verb because of repetition, "hypothesize" still addresses the OPs question, "What is the most appropriate verb when talking about making a new hypothesis?" Instead of "We formulated hypothesis X," I am suggesting "We hypothesized X" as a more succinct alternative. This changes the meaning slightly, but I don't think it falls out of the OPs range. Moreover, "hypothesize" is regularly used in scholarly articles. –  Sel May 2 at 23:17

Consider "form."

Lenneberg formed the critical period hypothesis.

A "lipid hypothesis was formed" to explain the rapid increase of heart disease.

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Alongside 'propose', 'put forward', and possibly 'postulate' and 'formulate' (though I'm not a fan of either of these), you can simply use 'hypothesise'/'hypothesize' as a verb in its own right.

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