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Attendee: Someone who is at an event such as a meeting or a course.

Participant: Someone who is taking part in an activity or event.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

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4 Answers 4

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Participant can have a more exclusive meaning than attendee. It suggests that the person is being more than present, they are actively participating.

In some contexts, they might have the same meaning.

For example for a conference:

'All attendees received a complimentary gift bag'

'All participants received a complimentary gift bag'.

For both of these, we mean everybody who attended the conference receives the gift bag.

In other contexts, 'participant' might have a more exclusive meaning.

For example at a marathon:

'All attendees were entitled to receive a free hotdog'.

This suggests that supporters and watchers of the marathon also were entitled to the free hotdog.

Whereas:

'All participants were entitled to receive a free hotdog'

Suggests that it's only the people who ran in the race that were entitled to the hotdog.

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Thanks for your help! –  David Li Apr 30 at 4:28

An attendee is there, but they may not be participating: they might be asleep, or otherwise uninvolved.

A participant is active.

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got it! thanks. –  David Li Apr 30 at 4:29

Practically speaking, I believe these words are interchangeable. To get more technical, one could perhaps consider someone attending an event but not actively participating to be an attendee, but not a participant.

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I love this website! Thanks! Your guys are so nice! –  David Li Apr 30 at 4:29
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While they might be interchangeable in some context, they are definitely not in others. –  virmaior Apr 30 at 7:31
    
@virmaior I would probably agree with you, but do you have an example? –  Michael Mior Apr 30 at 11:42
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For starters, you could look at my answer. In terms of examples, I teach college courses and am regularly involved in conferences. Some call everyone a "participant"; some strictly distinguish between presenters, attendees, and participants in specific debates, etc. –  virmaior Apr 30 at 11:44

First, some rough definitions:

Attendee = one who was there for the event

Participant = one who did something during the event.


There's a certain sense of mere attendance in the word attendee that makes it so some contemporary events prefer to think of all present as participants. Here, I take it the basic idea is that even if you don't have a specific role, you participate through active listening.

Conversely, some events maintain a strict distinction between attendee and participants. Say for instance, a panel discussion in front of a 1000 college students. In such a case, the participants are all the people on stage, and the people watching are attendee.


To make the point in a different way, I explain to my students that I grade participation not attendance. By which I mean, if you come to class and sleep, you did not participate. If you come to class and play on facebook or stackexchange, you did not participate. But you did attend. (This is especially relevant for students in the Japanese education system where it was classically the case that you could pass by attendance )

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Thanks for your good example!It will make me understand easily. –  David Li Apr 30 at 13:18

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