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Emigrant = someone who is leaving their country.

??? = the country from which the emigrant is departing.

I want to say Émigré country but I don't know if that makes sense.

Maybe country of emigration? But that's too wordy.

Is there one word?

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up vote 1 down vote accepted

Native country
the country someone is born in or native to

Born Carmela Drelano, in Spain, it was very many years since she had lived in her native country.

Native land

When I think of my own native land, In a moment I seem to be there; But alas! recollection at hand Soon hurries me back to despair

Native soil
The country or geographical region where one was born or which one considers to be one's true homeland

Nawaz Sharif, two-time Prime Minister of Pakistan, had planned a triumphant return to his native soil nearly seven years after choosing exile.

If the OP wishes a similar one word expression still connected to native, then I suggest

  • He knows what spot this is: the birthplace of their country.
  • At the age of 27, Arriaga emigrated from his birthplace, the port of Callao, Peru, to Canada. source
  • Pulitzer emigrated from his birthplace in Hungary to New York in 1864 when he was 17.
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I would say "country of origin."

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I think home country reflects well the idea of what you left by emigrating.

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In most cases, it would be homeland or motherland.

But "old country" is used also

an emigrant's country of origin

Additionally, "source country" is used in immigration related or technical sources

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This depends on your audience. A speech would be different than a novel.

In nonfiction writing or speech, "country of origin" is the most respectful and politically-sensitive way of phrasing this.

"Home country" doesn't work if the person has neither a home nor feels at home there.

"Native country" also doesn't work because it may not be where someone is native from. Consider a refugee of palestine who has emigrated from Egypt. While their native country may be Palestine/Israel, if they sought temporary political asylum in Egypt, and then emigrated to England, their country of origin would be Egypt.

In fiction and informal writing, "homeland."

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+1 for the pragmatic considerations. – Edwin Ashworth Apr 28 '14 at 7:13

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