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I want to write "dos and don'ts", or an equivalent expression, in a university essay. I am assuming that it is not very academic to write "dos and don'ts", so does anyone have a better way of putting it?

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They used to be called 'rules' or 'guidelines'. – Edwin Ashworth Apr 24 '14 at 14:13
"Compulsories and Forbiddens"? – Oldcat Apr 25 '14 at 0:13

How about Best Practice which you can use to encompass a set of recommendations as well as a set of things to advise against.

The best practice for goldfish degaussing is described below ...

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+1 for the idea of degaussing a goldfish! – oerkelens Apr 24 '14 at 14:15

You could keep the expression "The Do's and Don'ts"“Do's” and “don'ts” ..? and place it within inverted commas (speech marks) in your essay, it has the advantage of being well-known and self-explanatory but much would depend on the topic being discussed and who your reader is.

Otherwise, the expression recommendations could be used; it's formal and can include indicted courses of action as well as contradicted ones.

I would recommend not to follow this line. To deny citizenship to hundreds of thousands non-Latvians residing in Latvia is tantamount to refusing to grant them political rights, and this, in turn would, sooner or later, have negative repercussions ... source

... and to keep the interest rate at a stipulated amount, I recommend not to exceed 5 percent... source

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