...and if not, where'd it go? One obvious venture is that the noun "wit", in the sense of cleverness and general know-how, has an etymological affinity with the Old English witen, "to know", and which Merriam-Webster informs me the "wit" in to wit is a conjugation of. I can kinda-sorta see it, but the connection isn't very transparent to me. However, I can certainly appeal to the learnèd scholars here! Are there any other surviving words witen bears etymological affinities to?
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"witness" is one.
As you already mentioned "to wit" is from an old Saxon root. I can see some link with the German "wissen" (also to know), Dutch "weten" and (I'm told) Danish "Vide" .
As in many languages "to see" and "to know" are interrelated concepts. So that "to wit" is not only about knowledge but witnessing.
On the knowledge side, it is also easy to see the link with wise and witty and wittingly.
The "Witan" being the Anglo Saxon assembly of wise men - knowing enough to have their word in the destiny of the community.
In addition to ones already mentioned:
inwit - mind, reason, intellect, understanding
There are more in Middle English that I don't think are to be found in Modern English.
The NOAD reports that witan (another term for witenagemot) derives from the Old English plural of wita (wise man).
The word wit is from Old English. According to Etymonline: