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Let's say I am reviewing galley proofs, and the author has written some text in italics which shouldn't be. Would I write: “please typeset this word in roman” or “please typeset this word upright”? If both are clear and understandable, what are the differences?

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I don't know if there's an answer that's standard in the industry (hence why this is a comment not an answer), but personally I'd go for upright since Roman is ambiguous (it can either mean not-italic or not-sans-serif. –  psmears Mar 12 '11 at 17:06
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I'm in the industry. We use the term "roman" to mean "not-italics." Curiously, it is almost always used in cases where something is in italics and you need to undo it. It is common to say things like, "that needs to be in italics," but you pretty much never have occasion to say, "this text needs to be in roman." Rather, it's when something is in italics and it shouldn't be that the term "roman" comes into play. –  The Raven Mar 12 '11 at 21:29
    
In my case, it's most often because people typeset text as part of math expressions (like subscripts) that end up italicized (math style) when they should be in roman. –  F'x Mar 12 '11 at 21:31
    
Is it not "regular?" –  qarma Jun 13 '12 at 10:32
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3 Answers 3

up vote 9 down vote accepted

Once again I turn to The Chicago Manual of Style, 14th Edition, which states

2.83: [...] To change words typeset in an italic typeface, underline or circle the words and write "rom" or "roman" in the margin. For longer underlined passages that are to be set in roman type (not italicized), circle the text involved and write a note to the typesetter in the margin:
  (set roman)   [parentheses here indicates that text is circled]

Speaking as someone who has done a little bit of proofreading work, using the word "roman" (in lowercase) in this context will not be confusing to anyone on the receiving end of the proofing notes.

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I don't work as an editor, so there may be standard terminology for this, but as an English speaker, I would say that the clearest thing to write is "please don't italicize this".

The technical name for non-italic fonts is roman or romanized, so this is probably your best choice from the options you've given. I would avoid calling it upright.

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Yes, I use that, but over long spans of text, series of “italicize” and “not italicize” are not so clear. I'd prefer to have a clear term to oppose to “italics”. –  F'x Mar 12 '11 at 16:28
    
@F'x: Okay, I edited based on that. –  Kosmonaut Mar 12 '11 at 16:39
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+1: Upright is downright awkward here. You could also call it "plain" text, but Roman is the term used in typography. –  Robusto Mar 12 '11 at 16:49
    
"upright is downright". Right. ;-) –  Jürgen A. Erhard Mar 12 '11 at 19:08
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In typography terminology, roman (or normal) is the antonym of italic, while upright is the antonym of oblique (aka slanted). Oblique type and italic type are not the same, as the Wikepedia article 'Oblique type' explains and illustrates. Some typefaces have separate italic and oblique fonts. No typeface (AFAIK) has separate roman and upright fonts, so the choice between these words depends on which of italic or upright you wish to draw a contrast with. So if the author has inappropriately used an italic font rather than a slanted font, 'please typeset in roman' would strictly be more appropriate than 'please typeset upright'. But the typesetter will set the same type whichever you use.

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Regarding the oppositions roman/italic and upright/oblique, it would totally make my day! It would be clear and convenient. However, language isn't always so convenient, so I have to ask: can you quote any reference to back it up? –  F'x Mar 12 '11 at 22:41
    
No, but in some typefaces the italic face is upright i.e. they are cursive but not slanted, so 'italic' and 'upright' can't be antonyms, else 'upright italic' would be an oxymoron, which it isn't. –  onestop Mar 12 '11 at 23:24
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