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A thought just came in my mind: the Sun shines, but the moon?

Which is better to use, sunshine or sunlight?

Can we use "Moon shines"?

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That's several thoughts that have come to mind, so here's several answers.

  • The sun shines. The moon shines too, albeit with reflected light.

  • Sunshine and sunlight are synonymous, but still subtly different. Sunshine generally refers to the illumination outside on a sunny day, particularly the visible light, and has strong positive emotional connotations. "He's a regular ray of sunshine" is a way of describing an infectiously happy person. Sunlight in contrast is more emotionally neutral, and refers to any light (or other EM radiation for that matter) coming from the sun.

  • Moonlight and moonshine are a bit more different. Moonlight is loaded with all sorts of emotional baggage: romance, mystery and madness to name but three. Moonshine on the other hand is rarely used for the light from the moon, mostly in poetic imagery. More usually it refers to (illegal) backwoods whisky!

To expand on that last bit, since Etymonline is rather terse: objects and landscapes tend to look rather different and strange when viewed by moonlight, so moonlight itself has connotations of unreality and illusion. There are any number of faerie stories involving gates that can only be found when the light of the full moon falls on them, fabulous treasures that turn out to be just leaves and moss in the morning light, and so on. Moonshine whisky in that sense is pushing the notion that the illicit hooch is only as real (and hence taxable) as something seen by moonlight, i.e. not really there at all. Likewise the things you'll see if you drink too much of it!

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The illegal whiskey was presumably made or smuggled secretly at night, and thus the name moonshine. –  Peter Shor Mar 8 '11 at 14:45
    
Etymonline suggests otherwise: '"illicit liquor," 1785; used also since late 15c. with a meaning "unreality," probably connected in that sense with notion of "moonshine in water" (cf. moonraker).' –  user1579 Mar 8 '11 at 14:47
    
@Rhodri etymonline is very terse. Almost illegible, in fact. –  Jürgen A. Erhard Mar 8 '11 at 16:11
    
@jae Good point, I'll expand on it. –  user1579 Mar 8 '11 at 16:31
    
I also think that Etymonline may be wrong... or may not even claim what you think it does (that's how terse it is). It says "moonshine" has been used as a term for "unreality", but it doesn't claim -- much less prove -- that that's where the term moonshine for illicit licqour comes from. –  Jürgen A. Erhard Mar 8 '11 at 17:18
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To shine has a connotation of brightness: for example, it is defined in the NOAD as “to give out a bright light”. You can, however, say that the moon shines at full moon, or talk about “the shine of the moon on her face”, if you feel like emphasising the intensity of the light.

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I think "moon shine" would be used except that it conflicts with moonshine which is a powerful homemade whiskey. Even if the meaning is fairly evident by the context, nobody wants to use words in poetry that might make you think of something completely unlike what you intended.

I've always heard "the moon beams" as an equivalent to "the sun shines" for the moon.

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I've heard of moonbeams (rays of light from the moon), but I've never heard "beam" used as a verb referring to the moon - "the moom beams" sounds like it's smiling... –  psmears Mar 8 '11 at 16:34
    
"beams" can also mean shine or radiate if I'm not mistaken. –  Neil Mar 8 '11 at 17:08
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