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As in:

Many factors are to blame for this disaster, such as: «bulleted list»

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I want to state that I'm just giving some examples, among many factors. – John Assymptoth Mar 4 '11 at 15:57
Better to exclude "such as," since it doesn't contribute any useful information. – Neil Mar 4 '11 at 15:58
Note that some style guides advise against using an incomplete sentence before a colon; that is, both what comes before the colon and what comes after should be grammatically independent sentences, which could theoretically stand on their own. They recommend either "many factors are to blame for this disaster: <list>", or "many factors are to blame for this disaster, such as these: <list>". Many others would say it doesn't matter, though. – Cerberus Mar 4 '11 at 16:03
up vote 13 down vote accepted

A few possible options:

  • Many factors are to blame for this disaster, including[, but not limited to*, the following]:
  • Many factors are to blame for this disaster, some of which are:
  • Many factors are to blame for this disaster. These include:
  • Many factors are to blame for this disaster, e.g.

but not limited to may be considered superfluous, as including does not indicate a complete list of the factors.

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"but not limited to" is worth its weight in gold when you are dealing with a group looking for someone to blame. Sometimes you have to stress that the list isn't complete. – user1579 Mar 4 '11 at 17:33
Consider your audience. Unless you have high confidence that they know that "e.g." can be thought of as "for example" and that "i.e." can be thought of as "in other words," do not use either one. An advanced degree is no assurance that the audience understands this distinction, which seems to cause far more confusion than enlightenment. – Joan Pederson Jun 18 '14 at 14:16

", for example:"

", like:"

", including:" [added in response to your comment]

or just ":"

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But I want to state that I'm just giving some examples, among many factors. – John Assymptoth Mar 4 '11 at 15:56
Love "including". Thanks. – John Assymptoth Mar 4 '11 at 16:23
@John, all of these words suggest a non-comprehensive list. – Tyler James Young Sep 30 '14 at 22:28

For focusing ideas and providing examples, the following discourse markers are suitable alternatives to such as and could introduce a list of bullet points.

Many factors are to blame for this disaster,...

  • as in the case of
  • as revealed by
  • as illustrated by
  • namely
  • in particular
  • among others
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What about:

  • e.g. (exempli gratia), which means a “free example” in the sense that you're just throwing out an example of what you mean.

The other possibility is:

  • i.e., which is used to restate an idea more clearly or offer more information.
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No, exempli gratia does not mean “free example” in Latin; that would be something more like exemplum gratuitum. Rather, it is “From exemplī, the genitive singular of exemplum ("example") + grātiā, the ablative sg. of grātia ("a favor, the sake"). Literally meaning "for the sake of an example"”. This is a common misunderstanding, but wrong it remains. Causā works the same way, so metri causa is “for the meter’s sake” with metri in the genitive singular of metrum, not the nominative plural which would be metra. – tchrist May 25 '14 at 22:12
Thank you. I don't know Latin, and I just used an online dictionary. I guess I better be more careful which one I use. That is the trouble with the internet. Common fallacies get reinforced. – Benjamin Wade May 27 '14 at 13:45
To my mind, e.g. works for non-comprehensive lists and i.e. for comprehensive ones. – Tyler James Young Sep 30 '14 at 22:30

Many factors are to blame for this disaster, par exemple «bulleted list».

par exemple: (French) for example

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Si on avait voulu une phrase étrangère, on aurait précisé cela, tu ne crois pas? :) – tchrist May 25 '14 at 22:22
@tchrist I already heard some native speakers use "par exemple" for "for example." :-) – Elian May 25 '14 at 22:26
I’m sure you have. It’s not so common as par excellence, but still. – tchrist May 25 '14 at 23:02

Some I've used in the past are:

  • . . .which include:
  • . . .including:
  • . . .for example:
  • . . .for instance:
  • . . .not to mention:
  • . . .in an event when:
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protected by tchrist Aug 13 '14 at 14:28

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