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I'm writing a book report and I'm mot sure which tense should I use to describe the story in it. The story in the book is set in the past time. So I wonder whether I might use the simple past tense or just the simple present tense?

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See also: Writers – Kris Feb 5 '14 at 12:01
@Peter This probably shoud be over at Writers, but it would be a duplicate there. See writers.stackexchange.com/questions/3761/…. I agree with the accepted answer. The answerer doesn't cite any sources, however, so you may like to search online for authoritative sources, eg, writing2.richmond.edu/writing/wweb/litpres.html. – nxx Feb 5 '14 at 13:01
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This is a long-standing case were the present historic is often used. It is though also a case were the past historic has long use.

You may freely use either. The same incidentally applies to descriptions of the writer's approach and technique, etc. (Slightly more controversially; a recent increase in use of the present historical for non-fictional elements has brought a backlash from some, though they'd mostly say it was a valid choice they disliked rather than wrong).

Some use the past historic generally, but highlight some parts by switching to present historic. Done well this can be very effective, but that gets into stuff probably more on-topic on the writers' site than here.

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Thank you! If I were talking about something which happened in the character's past, would I still use present historical? – Dapeng Gao Feb 5 '14 at 14:14
@Peter. You could write it in such a way as to switch focus to those events, and make the present historical valid, but that would only work if you made a full switch to talking about that scene. Generally you'd use the past perfect whether you were mainly using the past or present; "Gatsby had loved Daisy years before, and wanted to impress her" and "Gatsby had loved Daisy years before, and wants to impress her" being examples of each. – Jon Hanna Feb 5 '14 at 14:37

The present tense is usually better.

English has two so-called narrative tenses. The past tense:

The man bit the dog. Then he ran away.

and the present tense:

The man bites the dog. Then he runs away.

I'm vastly oversimplifying matters here but, when you want to give the impression that something really happened you use the past tense. If you don't want to give that impression (e.g. in a joke) you use the present tense.

Novelists want their stories to be believable, so they usually use the past tense.

But when you're writing a book report, you acknowledge that the book is a work of fiction, so the present tense is more appropriate.

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