It would be much appreciated if you could identify any differences regarding whether using the definite article or not in the two citations below brings about any changes in meaning.
What is being considered questionable is the phrase: "globalization of markets."
Ex 1: "As used in this book, globalization refers to the shift toward a more integrated and interdependent world economy. Globalization has several facets, including the globalization of markets and the globalization of production."
Ex 2: "The lowering of trade barriers made globalization of markets and production a theoretical possibility. ... Despite all the talk about the emerging global village, and despite the trend toward globalization of markets and production, as we shall see in this book, many of these differences are very profound and enduring."
What would be the differences between the two of them?
- I have another example: "The primary duty of an evolutionary biologist is to study the trends of evolution of animals, plants, human beings, reptiles, or any other form of life as specified in the particular task or project that has been assigned to him."
Why, in the example above, didn't the writer use the definite article?
Thank you for any help you can provide!