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I am doing a persuasive essay for English. I want a word that means "not located yet", as in if you know something exists, but have not yet found the boundaries where it exists. As in genetics, where you don't know the chromosome or area that a specific gene is found, therefore you cannot genetic-test for it.

The sentence is:

Instead of performing studies on many pairs of twins for the hope that one pair might have the [word I am looking for] gene, you could clone an individual already exhibiting the trait.

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So the gene is not merely hypothetical — it actually exists but you just don’t know where it is? –  tchrist Dec 25 '13 at 23:40
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I think tchrist's question is important. If you know the gene exists, it is the sought-after gene; or desired. If it is a missing gene, then that is what you are searching for: a deleted gene. -defective gene? -mutated gene? -duplicated gene? More context would be helpful for a good answer. –  medica Dec 26 '13 at 5:10
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The specific genes (multiple) do not have to be defective or anything, they should just be not well documented and detectable by a genetic test. Their location on the human genome is unknown, but they show evidence of existing. The traits that they give an increased chance of existing are important, so researchers want to know what environmental factors increase the chance of the gene expressing itself. But instead of experimenting on many pairs of twins for the hope that one of them might have the gene, researchers can clone an individual exhibiting said trait. Sorry for the scientific rant. –  Fatima Dec 26 '13 at 17:13
    
not a rant at all, but a good clarification. In light of the above, I would vote against my own answer and call them the suspected or hypothetical genes, since they are not known to exist yet, therefore cannot be specified. –  medica Dec 28 '13 at 7:04

9 Answers 9

up vote 8 down vote accepted

Anticipated. "Instead of performing studies on many pairs of twins for the hope that one pair might have the anticipated gene, you could clone an individual already exhibiting the trait."

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Thank you. That fits perfectly in my essay. –  Fatima Dec 31 '13 at 15:19

I think the word undiscovered fits the bill. Alternatively you might be after a word like theoretical or suspected.

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For this context the gene is not undiscovered. You just don't know where it is located. –  Fatima Dec 25 '13 at 22:25
    
@Fatima "But that the dread of something after death, The undiscovered Country, from whose bourn No Traveler returns," - Hamlet, William Shakespeare –  Elliott Frisch Dec 31 '13 at 4:33

yet to be discovered/identified/found

In Caucasians, mutations in a gene called CARD15 make a person susceptible to Crohn's disease, but Japanese with Crohn's disease have none of these mutations. Presumably a different gene, yet to be found, contributes to Crohn's in Japanese.

unidentified, undiscovered, unnamed

...provided validation that the unnamed feeling was an Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response ...

Edited in light of new information ("as in if you know something exists, but have not yet found the boundaries where it exists...don't know the chromosome or area...)

desired

...restriction enzymes are used to cut the desired gene out of the DNA in which it is found.

The lower the number, the higher the chance that the desired gene will be expressed poorly.

.....cells, regulating the lengths of DNA fragments, finding a desired gene

...establish the function of the desired gene. ...the desired gene in a plastid... ...removed and replaced with the desired gene... ...enough offspring express the desired gene to make... ...the gene probe can only become attached to the desired gene.

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I could have used unlocated, but that didn't sound right. I want to use only one word. –  Fatima Dec 25 '13 at 22:24
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There does not appear to be a single word for your needs. You may need to use the yet to be construct, or use a word starting with un- since it is yet not a positive. –  medica Dec 25 '13 at 23:11

It seems to me that the word specific fits perfectly there. The sentence you propose doesn't need to bring in the idea of unknown location at all. That could be left to other sentences that cover that topic to whatever degree you choose.

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In the specific example you give (where presumably people have been trying to find the exact location, but thus far without luck), I would suggest elusive.

It does not generally mean ‘not yet located’, of course, but it can be used to mean it in the right context—and I'd say that's exactly what you have here.

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+1. Elusive is pretty much perfect. The alternatives are bland, inaccurate or both. Elusive will work nicely for persuasive writing and fits the required definition of something deduced or conjectured to exist while having yet to be definitively pinned down by hard evidence or rigorous experimentation. –  wander Dec 31 '13 at 1:08
    
Elusive also suggestions something that was difficult to find. Perhaps because it was hidden by other easier to find, but wrong, items. Perhaps because it was (eg an animal) actively moving to avoid detection. –  AdrianHHH Dec 31 '13 at 14:15

Unfound treasure lurks within the target individual's genome.

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Apparently, the term unplaced sequence already exists among the Genome Research Consortium, meaning:

A sequence found in an assembly that is not associated with any chromosome.

Alternatively, if the location is known only down to the chromosome, unlocalized sequence is used:

A sequence found in an assembly that is associated with a specific chromosome but cannot be ordered or oriented on that chromosome.

Is there any reason that a gene that is known (or suspected) to exist, but where its genomic location has not been determined, should not be referred to as unplaced or unlocalized?

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I suggest putative. This does, however, carry with it the connotation that the item in question is only assumed to exist.

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+1 - great answer. –  medica Dec 30 '13 at 23:52
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Law school wasn't a total loss. –  Dogweather Dec 30 '13 at 23:53

Unmapped ˌ/ənˈmapt/adjective

(of a gene or chromosome) not yet mapped.

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