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What is the basic meaning of Credulous , in which context it will be the best to use instead of "willing to believe" ? How formally we can use "Credulous" ?

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up vote 6 down vote accepted

Credulous isn't a terribly common word, but it's not especially formal and can potentially be used in any register. The most important thing is its connotation: it means not just someone who is willing to believe, but implies a negative opinion of the person's intelligence and judgement. In this sense it's a near synonym of gullible.

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"Willing to believe" is a much more neutral-sounding phrase than "credulous", which is more along the lines of "willing to believe anything (no matter how far-fetched or improbable)".

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