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I read this article and now I'm confused when got can be omitted when using have.

Could this be explained in plain English without technical terms?

Is there a different usage in past tense?

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up vote 12 down vote accepted

You can safely omit it pretty much always.

I think it's largely a regional variety issue. As the article explains, in the UK "I've got" might be used more commonly where Americans would say "I have".

I remember being taught phrases like this in elementary English classes (due to British English emphasis in Finnish schools at that time):

I've got a cat.

But rest assured, it is never wrong to omit "got" in a phrase like this and just say:

I have a cat.

Also in those cases where it's used to add emphasis or indicate obligation...

I've got to go now!

... you can always omit it and still be perfectly understood (you can add the emphasis in other ways):

I have to go now!

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One tiny exception: You have GOT to be kidding! Doesn't work without the got, in my book. – moioci Aug 21 '10 at 4:30
I seem to remember being taught that using the verb "to get" is fine in spoken and casual written English, but is less appropriate in formal written English. – Steve Melnikoff Aug 29 '10 at 13:25
@Steve: this is a spurious rule made by American grammar police with way too much time on their hands. What is inappropriate in formal American English is "have got" meaning "have". But in British English, "have got" is actually preferred to "have" by the grammar police. Other uses of "get" that do not mean possession are fine. – Peter Shor Sep 20 '11 at 20:39
@PeterShor Surely, you jest. What the British grammar police probably mean is not to use "got" by itself without "have"; that is "I have got a cat" rather than "I got a cat", the latter being reminiscent of some American dialect. The idea that "have got" is preferred to just "have" for expressing posession is utterly preposterous. Poppycock, fiddlesticks, humbug, rubbish, et cetera. – Kaz Dec 14 '13 at 0:07
Pop quiz: which of these is British? "Have you got a cat?" "Have you a cat?" – Kaz Dec 14 '13 at 0:09

We hear "I got it" and "I've got it" for "I have it." One day our teacher went down the roll list to ask each of us whether he had his homework. "Got it" was the nearly unanimous positive response—until the teacher reached me. "Have it," I announced, and the classroom burst into laughter. "I got it" means "I received it," not that I currently have it. "I've got it" sounds right through years of usage, but try to explain how "have" and "got" logically form an idea together. K.I.S.S.—keep it simple, stupid: "I have it."

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