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a - There will be an employment fair held tomorrow.

b - An employment fair will be held tomorrow.

*IF (a) is correct, kindly explain the structure of the sentence. Thank you.

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What makes you think one of them is wrong? – terdon Sep 13 '13 at 4:52
Does the (1) mean that there are more of these to come? – Andrew Leach Sep 13 '13 at 8:54
No. (a) means there will be a fair tomorrow (only) – Ikki Sep 21 '13 at 3:27
I just thought (a) sounds a bit unnatural. If I put "to be" in (a) like this: "There will be an employment fair TO BE held tomorrow." it will sound wrong. So I asked :) – Ikki Sep 21 '13 at 3:30
up vote 1 down vote accepted

Sentence a. is correct, but held is redundant. We don't normally say:

There will be a presentation given tomorrow.

There will be a rehearsal performed on Friday.

There will be match played next weekend.

The first sentence follows the usual Given-New pattern of placing new information towards the end of the sentence. This is why the first of the following pairs is more usual:

There is a cat on the roof. / A cat is on the roof.

There was a fly in my soup. / A fly was in my soup.

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Both are grammatical.

(a) uses the device known as existential there. It is used, in the words of the ‘Longman Student Grammar of Spoken and Written English’:

. . . to state the existence or occurrence of something . . . The noun phrase following be is called the notional subject . . . Clauses with existential there are called existential clauses. The main function of existential clauses is to introduce new information.

(b) is a passive construction and follows the normal English word order of Subject (‘an employment fair’) followed by Verb (‘will be held’).

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