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As an ESL speaker, I'm puzzled by these two phrases... Is "what a pity" used as often as "what a shame" in an English-speaking country? Is there any difference between them in meaning or usage?

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It seems they are converging: books.google.com/ngrams/… –  mplungjan Aug 12 '13 at 9:43

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For the most part, they are the same, but there are some slight differences.

What a pity expresses sorrow. It is harsher than saying "I feel sorry for you," but it still shows sympathy. If a boy gets in a fight at school, his father might say "What a pity" to mean that he wishes the boy had not gotten in the fight in the first place, but he is still sorry for his son.

pity: a feeling of sorrow and sympathy caused by the suffering of others: what a pity we can't be with friends. (Oxford Dictionary)

What a shame is a little colder. People use it to express a loss of respect for whatever they are talking about. For instance, if the boy is the one who started the fight, his father might say "What a shame." This means he has lost some respect for his son.

shame: loss of respect; dishonour: the incident had brought shame on his family. (Oxford Dictionary)

Nowadays, I hear "what a shame" more often because it only has three syllables instead of four. Instead of "what a pity," I usually hear "that's too bad" or something similar.

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Thanks so much! So in the degree of sounding harsh, it's "what a shame" > "what a pity" or "that's too bad"> "I feel sorry for you"? –  Jessie Aug 14 '13 at 12:37
    
Other than the definitions, the rest of your answer seems very opinion-based and does not reconcile with how I hear and use the two expressions. Can you provide a citation or example for your statement "what a shame" is used more because it has one less syllable? –  Kristina Lopez Feb 11 at 19:10

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