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I am looking for a comprehensive list of Apheretic forms in English. I remember seeing in old books words being prefixed with apostrophes which do not require them in modern writing, but can't remember many instances.

Wikipedia provides a list of apocopations but none for apheresis.

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Oh! I went to look at the wikipedia article before reading your last sentence. Are you saying that the example they have are not really apheresis? or that they only belong to a special case of apheresis? –  ABC Jun 26 '13 at 1:20
    
@Franklin.vp I was just disappointed that there was not a "List of Apheretic Forms" article similar to the page "List of English apocopations." What I'm looking for are some more common words with apheretic origins which I seem to remember seeing spelled with an apostrophe in older books. –  matt3141 Jun 26 '13 at 2:47
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(The Merriam-Webster New Book of Word Histories, 1991)

"Aphaeresis has given us a number of new words, like drawing-room (from withdrawing-room), fend (from defend; whence fender), sport (from disport), and stain (from distain). A number are aphetic in the narrow sense: pert (from now obsolete apert, going back ultimately to Latin appertus 'open'), peal (from appeal), mend (from amend), fray (from affray), the verb ply (from apply), the adjective live (from alive), spy (from espy), and tend (from both attend and intend). In the above cases, significant semantic development followed the aphaeresis, so that one does not normally connect in one's mind the shortened and the original longer forms."

More examples in the Wikipedia entry on Apheresis

Greek episkopos > Vulgar Latin [e]biscopu > English bishop

English [a]cute > cute

English [E]gyptian > Gyptian > Gypsy

English [a]mend > mend

English [e]scape + goat > scapegoat

Old French evaniss > English vanish

Old French estable > English stable

Old French estrange > English strange

English esquire > squire

Akkadian Ashuraya > Shuraya

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