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"Anybody can dance" or "Everybody can dance", which is correct? Or do they have same meaning?

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You may find English Language Learners useful. –  jwpat7 Jun 5 '13 at 4:32
@jwpat7: I have posted the same there too. But no, response. –  Aparan Jun 5 '13 at 4:37

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up vote 5 down vote accepted

While there is nothing wrong grammatically with either of your sentences, there are a couple of potential problems with interpretation that I can see.

Strictly speaking, the word can means 'is able to'. If you are saying that everybody is able to dance then I present myself as living evidence to the contrary. Your intended meaning is more likely to be 'Anybody may dance', meaning that anybody is permitted to dance. Having said that, can is a commonly used informal replacement for may.

As to anybody vs everybody, the distinction in your context is minor. Anybody means zero or more of a given population, whereas everybody means all of a given population. Saying 'anybody may dance' implies that dancing is not restricted to a select few (probably the intended meaning). Saying 'everybody may dance' means pretty much the same thing, perhaps with the added implication that it would not be a problem should everyone decide to get up and boogie simultaneously.

A case where the distinction is important might be as follows. A group of people hire a bus for a day trip. The lady behind the counter at the bus hire company might tell you 'Anybody can drive the bus', but if she said 'Everybody can drive the bus' you would probably raise an eyebrow.

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Planned to give a +1 for that lady behind the counter. But, not enough rep to do so :( –  Aparan Jun 5 '13 at 6:41
"Strictly speaking, the word can means 'is able to'." _ I think this claims too much authority for the assertion, and would prefer that the sentence adverbial be replaced by 'In formal registers'. Having said that, you do go on to ameliorate the prescriptive stance. The AHD has a nice article on usage at thefreedictionary.com/can . –  Edwin Ashworth Jun 5 '13 at 10:01
That's a good description of the "free choice" modal polarity any (notice that any is ungrammatical in a subject NP without a negative unless there is a modal like can, may, or will in the clause -- *Anybody is dancing right now.). Modal polarity any is different from the negative polarity any of I didn't dance with anybody. –  John Lawler Jun 5 '13 at 14:18
Edwin Ashworth: good point, conceded. John Lawler: a whole slew of good points which I wouldn't be capable of making. –  Snubian Jun 5 '13 at 22:13

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